Tahsin’s Reading List: National and State Development

This is a growing list.

United States

  1. The Rise and Fall of American Growth by Robert Gordon

East Asia

  1. The East Asian miracle : Economic Growth and Public Policy by The World Bank

India

  1. India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by APJ Abdul Kalam and Y. S. Rajan
  2. A Manifesto for Change by APJ Abdul Kalam and V. Ponraj
  3. Advantage India: From challenge to opportunity by APJ Abdul Kalam
  4. Making India Awesome by Chetan Bhagat
  5. What young India wants by Chetan Bhagat

Tahsin’s Recommended Books: Self Help and Success

Classics / Modern Classics

  1. Unlimited Power by Anthony Robbins: Best book on NLP (Neuro-linguistic Programming).
  2. Awaken the Giant Within by Anthony Robbins: A sequel to Unlimited Power.
  3. The Success Principles by Jack Canfield
  4. The Power of Focus by Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen, Les Hewitt
  5. Goals! by Brian Tracy
  6. Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill: Self help classic originally published in 1937.
  7. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey
  8. You Can Win by Shiv Khera
  9. The Art of Living by Reader’s Digest
  10. Getting The Most Out of Life by An Anthology from The Reader’s Digest

Meditation

  1. Meditation for Dummies by Stephan Bodian
  2. The Monk Who Sold his Ferrari by Robin Sharma

Creative Visualization, Mind Techniques

  1. The Silva Mind Control Method by Jose Silva

Neuro-linguistic Programming

  1. Neuro Linguistic Programming for Dummies by Kate Burton and Romilla Ready

Hypnosis, Subconscious Mind

  1. Hypnotherapy for Dummies by Mike Bryant and Peter Mabbutt
  2. The Power of your Subconscious Mind by Joseph Murphy

Life Coaching

  1. Life Coaching for Dummies by Jeni Mumford

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Dummies by Rhena Branch, Rob Willson

Time Management

  1. How to Get Control of your Time and your Life by Alan Lakein

Emotional Intelligence

  1. The EQ Edge: Emotional Intelligence and your Success by Howard E. Book, Steven J. Stein

Others

  1. Tribe of Mentors by Tim Ferriss
  2. Tools of Titans by Tim Ferriss

Qualities of a Great Mind

Qualities of a great mind

  1. Very high intellect
  2. Super emotion and feelings. Loves to study. Loves to work.
  3. Very high creativity
  4. Scientist; Text-bookish. Builds models of the world (derived from textbooks or yet to be included in textbooks)
  5. Naturalist
  6. Wisdom; Leadership
  7. Caring; Loving
  8. Calm
  9. High degree of curiosity (start); Interest; High degree of enthusiasm and passion.
  10. Intuitive. Guided.
  11. Introvert (60%), Extrovert (40%); Equally adept at thinking and social life.
  12. Mathematician
  13. Follows institutions. Order.
  14. Justice. Honesty. Truthfulness.
  15. Religious
  16. Philosophical questions: scientific, religious answers
  17. Earned living
  18. Systems – ontology perspective
  19. Voracious reader of textbooks (80%) and nonfictions (15%).
  20. All knowledge acquired organized in a single ontology / structure.
  21. Logico-mathematical (programmable) mind and emotion.
  22. Happy mind.
  23. Sensitivity. sensual.
  24. Superbrain. Speed of thought.
  25. Inner purity. Pure thoughts.
  26. Comfortable / in love with traditional institutions. Loves to work in traditional institutions.
  27. Works without supervision. Motivation from work. Work as play.
  28. Self motivated
  29. Clarity of Imagination.
  30. Logical inference.
  31. Enjoys studying and working (in selected areas; intellectual / creative type of work) more than watching entertainment and sports.
  32. Remains “in the zone” for twenty four hours a day, seven days a week.

Characteristics of spirit man:

  1. Very high spiritual power
  2. King of angels
  3. Very high intellect. Creative and smart (Nobel prize winning IQ and IQ of CEO)
  4. Sexually strong
  5. Tall
  6. Great physiology
  7. Birthgiver of gods
  8. Honest and righteous
  9. Loving and kind
  10. Very high level performer
  11. Control over human emotion and feelings
  12. “Healer of the sick”

Integrated Development Plan for Saudi Arabia

Key points:

Economy

  • Growth and diversification of the non-petroleum economy. 
  • Make in Saudi Arabia, Saudis building new Saudi Arabia: Saudi products to be welcomed by Muslim countries.
    • Automotive Industry
  • Liberalization, Privatization of selected Industries. Growth of venture capital industry. Public Investment Fund. Public Private partnership. Entrepreneurship Development in selected Industries.
  • Smart City program.

Politics and Government

  • Code of conduct for every sphere of life.
  • Semi-democracy in several provinces (Constitution, Election commission). Elected members in Shura council.
  • Increase in Saudi Arabia’s population. New immigration laws.

Saudi Arabia’s national heritage

  • Solidifying religion and spiritual powers. Increasing peace and satisfaction of Saudi population.
  • Increasing beauty of Saudi people.
  • Petrochemical Industry.
  • Focus on Saudi football team: Improvement in training. Introduction of visualization, yoga, stamina (yoga), nutrition, exercise (computational techniques), strategy.

Education; Scientific and Engineering research

  • Focus on and Funding for Bioengineering and Biomedical research.
  • Mixing of Applied Mathematics and Big Data. Transition from Big Data to Applied Mathematics.
  • Emphasis on adult education.

Social

  • Social liberalization (at least in selected provinces). Sociological research to Data (and reasoning) to Decision.

Tahsin’s CSE Research Areas V: Parallel and Distributed Computing

Books

  • Programming on Parallel Machines: GPU, Multicore, Clusters and More by Norm Matloff

Practice

  • Akka in Action by Raymond Roestenburg, Rob Bakker and Rob Williams
  • Foundations of Python Network Programming book by John Goerzen

Tools

  • Scala: Akka
  • C/C++
  • Python

Tahsin’s CSE Research Areas IV: Computational Science and Engineering

Books

  1. Numerical Methods for Engineers by Raymond Canale and Steven C. Chapra

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Creation: Love; Power; Possession; Creativity and Invention; Spiritual power; Care; Religion; Judgement; Happiness and feelings; Competition, Being top; Adventure, Thrill, Mystery; Social, Family.

Order instead of chaos. Creation instead of destruction. Justice instead of evil.

Tahsin’s CSE Research Areas III: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics

Books

  • An Introduction to Bioinformatics Algorithms by Neil Jones, Pavel Pevzner

Tools

  • Python: Biopython

Physics: Material world and spiritual world, even space and time are composed of the same spirit (spirit of God).

Electron, proton, neutron and all other elementary particles and forces can be given new properties and can be made to change their properties (mass, charge, speed, wave properties, field) by changing properties of the spirit.

New matter particles and forces can be created by giving properties to the spirit.

Space and time can be changed to any shape by changing the spirit.

Time travel and long distance space travel is possible.

Chemistry: Nucleus of atoms can be changed through the spirit and thus periodic table can be extended.

(These are hypotheses.)

Tahsin’s CSE Research Areas I: Artificial Intelligence, Big Data and Machine Learning

Subareas

  • Knowledge Representation
  • Machine Learning
  • Computer Vision
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Big Data, Data Science, Data Mining

Books

Theory

  1. Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig
  2. Artificial Intelligence by Elaine A. Rich and Kevin Knight
  3. Artificial Intelligence by Patrick Winston
  4. Machine Learning by Tom Mitchell
  5. Computer Vision by Linda Shapiro and George Stockman
  6. Speech and Language Processing by Daniel Jurafsky and James H. Martin

Practice

  1. Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Programming: Case Studies in Common Lisp by Peter Norvig
  2. Prolog Programming for Artificial Intelligence Ivan Bratko
  3. Programming Collective Intelligence by Toby Segaran
  4. Programming the Semantic Web by Colin Evans, Jamie Taylor, and Toby Segaran
  5. Introduction to Machine Learning with Python by Andreas C. Müller and Sarah Guido
  6. Machine Learning with Python Cookbook by Chris Albon
  7. Programming Computer Vision with Python by Jan Erik Solem
  8. Natural Language Processing with Python by Edward Loper, Ewan Klein, and Steven Bird
  9. Data Analysis with Open Source Tools. by Philipp K. Janert
  10. Doing Data Science by Cathy O’Neil and Rachel Schutt
  11. Hadoop: The Definitive Guide by Tom White
  12. Spark: The Definitive Guide by Bill Chambers, Matei Zaharia
  13. MongoDB: The Definitive Guide by Shannon Bradshaw, Eoin Brazil, Kristina Chodorow
  14. Cassandra: The Definitive Guide by Eben Hewitt and Jeff Carpenter

Tools

  • Scala
  • Clojure
  • Common Lisp
  • Python: Scikit-learn, TensorFlow, Keras, Theano, PyTorch, NLTK
  • R
  • Hadoop
  • Spark

Published Papers

21st Century Trends

21st Century Trends

  1. Politics: Everyone turns to politics. From celebrities to sports stars, everyone aspires to join politics.
  2. Politics get cleaner.
  3. Industry: Business and entrepreneurship get more popular. Popularity of business soars.
  4. The marriage of materialism and meditation: People are no longer afraid of stress, but learn to cope with the stress associated with materialism.
  5. Innovation and the Arts: People rekindle their childhood love for science, technology and literature.
  6. Nationalism rises.
  7. Big science, big tech go private: The race to space has already gone private. Big science (genomics, brain science, nuclear and particle physics), big tech (AI, nanotech).
  8. Mathematics marvels: From big data we move on to applied mathematics and big data. New quantitative sciences emerge. Machine learning models become mathematical models and equations.
  9. Leaders turn to Economics.
  10. Armed forces power, influence increases.
  11. Spiritual power: Spiritual power in the hands of many.
  12. The joy of Christianity: Christian beliefs spread across the world.
  13. The brilliant class: The emergence of ultra all round achievers.
  14. Academia: Polymath professors.
  15. New kinds of families (to emerge).
  16. Academia: Focus on research.
  17. Industry: The dream of ownership of conglomerates.
  18. Education: Students learn critical thinking, problem solving and creativity skills. Learn how to learn.
  19. Self help industry gets bigger. The perception of IQ changes. IQ is no longer seen as static.
  20. Realization deepens. People understand with heart, express from heart.
  21. Women empowerment.
  22. Public finance gets bigger.
  23. Entertainment industry: Everyone wishes to get to the entertainment industry.
  24. Competition intensifies: in the areas of sports, intellectual competitions.
  25. Engineering becomes a more popular choice.
  26. Multiple positions for the same person: Due to increased productivity, globalization.
  27. Government: Leaders become more work-oriented. Government gets more productive.
  28. Government compensation gets bigger. Has long-term consequences. Political, Government employment as career.
  29. Army input to Government.
  30. The return of God: People turn to religions after about half a century of atheism.
  31. Social media for societal transformation.
  32. Climate change: Climate change becomes a hot topic. Climate activists get vocal.
  33. Politics: Activism (political, societal causes) get bigger.
  34. Religious institutions get more powerful.
  35. Healthcare: Doctors turn to research and innovation.
  36. Academia: Textbook and Nonfiction writing become popular.
  37. Expertise: After a century of narrow expertise, experts emerge with not only broad knowledge but wide expertise.
  38. Government decentralization.
  39. Improvement of law and order situation.
  40. Newspaper, magazine readership increases (in the West).
  41. Nations strive towards self sufficiency.
  42. East: Religious prohibition gets flexible.

21st Century Trends Categorized

Government and Politics

  1. Politics: Everyone turns to politics. From celebrities to sports stars, everyone aspires to join politics.
  2. Politics get cleaner.
  3. Leaders turn to Economics
  4. Public finance gets bigger.
  5. Improvement of law and order situation.
  6. Climate change: Climate change becomes a hot topic. Climate activists get vocal.
  7. Government compensation gets bigger. Has long-term consequences. Political, Government employment as career.
  8. Politics: Activism (political, societal causes) get bigger.
  9. Government decentralization.
  10. Army input to Government.
  11. Armed forces power, influence increases.
  12. Government: Leaders become more work-oriented. Government gets more productive.
  13. Newspaper, magazine readership increases (in the West).
  14. Women empowerment.

Business and Industry

  1. Big science, big tech go private: The race to space has already gone private. Big science (genomics, brain science, nuclear and particle physics), big tech (AI, nanotech).
  2. Industry: Business and entrepreneurship get more popular. Popularity of business soars.
  3. Industry: The dream of ownership of conglomerates.
  4. Engineering becomes a more popular choice.
  5. Entertainment industry: Everyone wishes to get to the entertainment industry.

Academia

  1. Academia: Polymath professors.
  2. Academia: Focus on research.
  3. Academia: Textbook and Nonfiction writing become popular.

Science, Technology and the Arts:

  1. Mathematics marvels: From big data to applied mathematics and big data. New quantitative sciences emerge. Machine learning models become mathematical models and equations.
  2. Innovation and the Arts: People rekindle their childhood love for science and literature.

Expertise:

  1. Expertise: After a century of narrow expertise, experts emerge with not only broad knowledge but wide expertise.
  2. The brilliant class: The emergence of ultra all round achievers.
  3. Competition intensifies: in the areas of sports, intellectual competitions.
  4. Multiple positions for the same person: Due to increased productivity, globalization.

Nations:

  1. Nationalism rises.
  2. Nations strive towards self sufficiency.

Education:

  1. Education: Students learn critical thinking, problem solving and creativity skills. Learn how to learn.
  2. Self help industry gets bigger. The perception of IQ change: IQ is no longer seen as static.
  3. Realization deepens. People understand with heart, express from heart.

Religion:

  1. The joy of Christianity: Christian beliefs spread across the world.
  2. The return of God: People turn to religions after about half a century of atheism.
  3. Spiritual power: Spiritual power in the hands of many.
  4. Religious institutions get more powerful.
  5. East: Religious prohibition gets flexible.

Healthcare

  1. Healthcare: Doctors turn to research and innovation.

People and Living:

  1. The marriage of materialism and meditation: People are no longer afraid of stress, but learn to cope with the stress associated with materialism.
  2. New kinds of families (to emerge).

Organized Thinking: Managing Knowledge Complexity in Our Mind

 

Mental models

A mental model is an explanation of someone’s thought process about how something works in the real world.
Anything is easy if one can assimilate it to one’s collection of models.
How does one effectively go about constructing mental models?

  • Imagination

Imagination increases the capacity of our working memory. Once you learn to ‘imagine’, your working memory is no longer limited to “The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two” [1].

Whereas linguistic thinking is linear, imagination makes non-linear (“whole” as opposed to thinking only about parts) thinking possible.

    • Thinking in 3D
    • Thinking in 4D (Space + Time)
  • Systems Thinking

Systems thinking is to see the interconnected whole.

Systems thinking facilitates and systemizes “whole” thinking.

  • System Dynamics

“System dynamics (SD) is an approach to understanding the nonlinear behavior of complex systems over time using stocks, flows, internal feedback loops, table functions and time delays” according to Wikipedia. For the purpose of this article we will consider: System dynamics as systems thinking over time.

  • Multilevel thinking

Multilevel thinking [2] is to see and consider all levels of abstraction (See Computational thinking) concerning a subject at once.

Computational Thinking

Computational thinking is used for, among other purposes, (overall / large scale) organization of knowledge.

  • Abstraction (Concepts; Naming)

“Abstraction is the process of removing physical, spatial, or temporal details or attributes in the study of objects or systems to focus attention on details of greater importance” according to Wikipedia.
Abstraction in Computer Science is related to naming.

  • Levels of abstraction
  • Knowledge Ontology

Knowledge ontology is a set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the hierarchical relations between them.
Knowledge ontology helps us in structuring knowledge.

Levels of abstraction helps us consider large parts of knowledge at once.  Ontology helps us see all knowledge at once.

It is possible to organize all human knowledge in a single knowledge ontology.

Human knowledge

↓      ↓        ↓         ↓

←←  ←←        → →          →→

↓       ↓                   ↓              ↓

Laws of Physics       Laws of Chemistry    ……..

Scientific Thinking

  • Generalization

Science aims to explain everything we see around us at different levels of abstractions in terms of a set of general laws. As more and more areas of the world we live in and the universe become explicable by mathematical laws, the scope of generalization expands. Generalizations greatly simplify our knowledge of the world.

  • Open mind

Mathematical Thinking

  • Using Mathematics / Mathematical models
  • Mathematical Problem Solving
    • Multilevel problem solving

Mathematical problem solving is one type of knowledge inference. Both “to prove” and “to find” can be seen as inference.

 

Cognitive Skills

Memory techniques

  • Association
  • Chunking
  • Knowledge organization
  • Learning by Heart

 

Other cognitive techniques:

  • Belief / Realization: Understanding by heart

Metacognition: Thinking about thinking
Reflective thinking: Thinking about self and thinking

Other thinking techniques:

  • Big picture thinking

 

References

  1. The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information
  2. On Multi-Level Thinking and Scientific Understanding