21st Century Trends

21st Century Trends

  1. Politics: Everyone turns to politics. From celebrities to sports stars, everyone aspires to join politics.
  2. Politics get cleaner.
  3. Industry: Business and entrepreneurship get more popular. Popularity of business soars.
  4. The marriage of materialism and meditation: People are no longer afraid of stress, but learn to cope with the stress associated with materialism.
  5. Innovation and the Arts: People rekindle their childhood love for science, technology and literature.
  6. Nationalism rises.
  7. Big science, big tech go private: The race to space has already gone private. Big science (genomics, brain science, nuclear and particle physics), big tech (AI, nanotech).
  8. Mathematics marvels: From big data we move on to applied mathematics and big data. New quantitative sciences emerge. Machine learning models become mathematical models and equations.
  9. Leaders turn to Economics.
  10. Armed forces power, influence increases.
  11. Spiritual power: Spiritual power in the hands of many.
  12. The joy of Christianity: Christian beliefs spread across the world.
  13. The brilliant class: The emergence of ultra all round achievers.
  14. Academia: Polymath professors.
  15. New kinds of families (to emerge).
  16. Academia: Focus on research.
  17. Industry: The dream of ownership of conglomerates.
  18. Education: Students learn critical thinking, problem solving and creativity skills. Learn how to learn.
  19. Self help industry gets bigger. The perception of IQ changes. IQ is no longer seen as static.
  20. Realization deepens. People understand with heart, express from heart.
  21. Women empowerment.
  22. Public finance gets bigger.
  23. Entertainment industry: Everyone wishes to get to the entertainment industry.
  24. Competition intensifies: in the areas of sports, intellectual competitions.
  25. Engineering becomes a more popular choice.
  26. Multiple positions for the same person: Due to increased productivity, globalization.
  27. Government: Leaders become more work-oriented. Government gets more productive.
  28. Government compensation gets bigger. Has long-term consequences. Political, Government employment as career.
  29. Army input to Government.
  30. The return of God: People turn to religions after about half a century of atheism.
  31. Social media for societal transformation.
  32. Climate change: Climate change becomes a hot topic. Climate activists get vocal.
  33. Politics: Activism (political, societal causes) get bigger.
  34. Religious institutions get more powerful.
  35. Healthcare: Doctors turn to research and innovation.
  36. Academia: Textbook and Nonfiction writing become popular.
  37. Expertise: After a century of narrow expertise, experts emerge with not only broad knowledge but wide expertise.
  38. Government decentralization.
  39. Improvement of law and order situation.
  40. Newspaper, magazine readership increases (in the West).
  41. Nations strive towards self sufficiency.
  42. East: Religious prohibition gets flexible.

21st Century Trends Categorized

Government and Politics

  1. Politics: Everyone turns to politics. From celebrities to sports stars, everyone aspires to join politics.
  2. Politics get cleaner.
  3. Leaders turn to Economics
  4. Public finance gets bigger.
  5. Improvement of law and order situation.
  6. Climate change: Climate change becomes a hot topic. Climate activists get vocal.
  7. Government compensation gets bigger. Has long-term consequences. Political, Government employment as career.
  8. Politics: Activism (political, societal causes) get bigger.
  9. Government decentralization.
  10. Army input to Government.
  11. Armed forces power, influence increases.
  12. Government: Leaders become more work-oriented. Government gets more productive.
  13. Newspaper, magazine readership increases (in the West).
  14. Women empowerment.

Business and Industry

  1. Big science, big tech go private: The race to space has already gone private. Big science (genomics, brain science, nuclear and particle physics), big tech (AI, nanotech).
  2. Industry: Business and entrepreneurship get more popular. Popularity of business soars.
  3. Industry: The dream of ownership of conglomerates.
  4. Engineering becomes a more popular choice.
  5. Entertainment industry: Everyone wishes to get to the entertainment industry.

Academia

  1. Academia: Polymath professors.
  2. Academia: Focus on research.
  3. Academia: Textbook and Nonfiction writing become popular.

Science, Technology and the Arts:

  1. Mathematics marvels: From big data to applied mathematics and big data. New quantitative sciences emerge. Machine learning models become mathematical models and equations.
  2. Innovation and the Arts: People rekindle their childhood love for science and literature.

Expertise:

  1. Expertise: After a century of narrow expertise, experts emerge with not only broad knowledge but wide expertise.
  2. The brilliant class: The emergence of ultra all round achievers.
  3. Competition intensifies: in the areas of sports, intellectual competitions.
  4. Multiple positions for the same person: Due to increased productivity, globalization.

Nations:

  1. Nationalism (Multi-nationalism)
  2. Nations strive towards self sufficiency.

Education:

  1. Education: Students learn critical thinking, problem solving and creativity skills. Learn how to learn.
  2. Self help industry gets bigger. The perception of IQ change: IQ is no longer seen as static.
  3. Realization deepens. People understand with heart, express from heart.

Religion:

  1. The joy of Christianity: Christian beliefs spread across the world.
  2. The return of God: People turn to religions after about half a century of atheism.
  3. Spiritual power: Spiritual power in the hands of many.
  4. Religious institutions get more powerful.
  5. East: Religious prohibition gets flexible.

Healthcare

  1. Healthcare: Doctors turn to research and innovation.

People and Living:

  1. The marriage of materialism and meditation: People are no longer afraid of stress, but learn to cope with the stress associated with materialism.
  2. New kinds of families (to emerge).

Organized Thinking: Managing Knowledge Complexity in Our Mind

 

Mental models

A mental model is an explanation of someone’s thought process about how something works in the real world.
Anything is easy if one can assimilate it to one’s collection of models.
How does one effectively go about constructing mental models?

  • Imagination

Imagination increases the capacity of our working memory. Once you learn to ‘imagine’, your working memory is no longer limited to “The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two” [1].

Whereas linguistic thinking is linear, imagination makes non-linear (“whole” as opposed to thinking only about parts) thinking possible.

    • Thinking in 3D
    • Thinking in 4D (Space + Time)
  • Systems Thinking

Systems thinking is to see the interconnected whole.

Systems thinking facilitates and systemizes “whole” thinking.

  • System Dynamics

“System dynamics (SD) is an approach to understanding the nonlinear behavior of complex systems over time using stocks, flows, internal feedback loops, table functions and time delays” according to Wikipedia. For the purpose of this article we will consider: System dynamics as systems thinking over time.

  • Multilevel thinking

Multilevel thinking [2] is to see and consider all levels of abstraction (See Computational thinking) concerning a subject at once.

Computational Thinking

Computational thinking is used for, among other purposes, (overall / large scale) organization of knowledge.

  • Abstraction (Concepts; Naming)

“Abstraction is the process of removing physical, spatial, or temporal details or attributes in the study of objects or systems to focus attention on details of greater importance” according to Wikipedia.
Abstraction in Computer Science is related to naming.

  • Levels of abstraction
  • Knowledge Ontology

Knowledge ontology is a set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the hierarchical relations between them.
Knowledge ontology helps us in structuring knowledge.

Levels of abstraction helps us consider large parts of knowledge at once.  Ontology helps us see all knowledge at once.

Scientific Thinking

  • Generalization

Science aims to explain everything we see around us at different levels of abstractions in terms of a set of general laws. As more and more areas of the world we live in and the universe become explicable by mathematical laws, the scope of generalization expands. Generalizations greatly simplify our knowledge of the world.

  • Open mind

Mathematical Thinking

  • Using Mathematics / Mathematical models
  • Mathematical Problem Solving
    • Multilevel problem solving

Mathematical problem solving is one type of knowledge inference. Both “to prove” and “to find” can be seen as inference.

 

Cognitive Skills

Memory techniques

  • Association
  • Chunking
  • Knowledge organization
  • Learning by Heart

 

Other cognitive techniques:

  • Belief / Realization: Understanding by heart

Metacognition: Thinking about thinking
Reflective thinking: Thinking about self and thinking

Other thinking techniques:

  • Big picture thinking

 

References

  1. The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information
  2. On Multi-Level Thinking and Scientific Understanding

Shipbuilding industry in Bangladesh: Points to ponder

Current situation

  • Bangladesh has now over 200 shipbuilding companies.
  • Bangladeshi shipyards can build diversified types of vessels for both inland and sea travel such as Multipurpose vessel, Fast Patrol Boat, Container vessel, Cargo Vessel, Tanker, Dredging Barge, Ro-Ro Ferry, Passenger Vessel, Landing Craft, Tourist ship, Tug, Supply Barge, Deck Loading Barge, Pleasure Craft/ Yatch, Crane Boat, Speed Boat, Deep Sea Trawler, Self Propelled Barge, Inspection Vessel, Cargo Coaster, Troops Carrying Vessel, Double Decker Passenger Vessel, Hydrographic Survey Boat, Pilot boat, Hospital Ship, Water Taxi, Pontoon, Dredger etc. Some shipyards are also capable of manufacturing small warships like large patrol craft, offshore patrol craft, fast attack craft, fleet tanker, even corvette with some expert supervision from the international arena.
  • As per World Trade Organisation (WTO), global shipbuilding market size is US$ 1,600 billion.
  • Two leading local shipyards, Ananda and Western Marine bagged orders to make 41 small vessels worth about US$ 0.6 billion mainly from European buyers (2013).

 

Domestic demand

  • Bangladesh is a riverine country. With the Bangladeshi economy growing at a rate of about 6-8% a year, new smaller ships and cargo carriers are needed to transport goods and other raw materials from Chittagong port to different parts of the country.
  • Hundreds of thousands of people use ferries and steamers to travel from one part of Bangladesh to another, and most of these vessels are built in the country.

 

International demand

  • More than 50% of the world’s ships are more than 20 years old and need replacing.
  • There will be a huge demand for medium sized cargo ships running on green energy in the European market.

 

Market segment (International)

  • Shipbuilding yards in Bangladesh exports small and medium-sized ships for the highly competitive European market. Since 2008, Bangladeshi yards have manufactured and exported ferries, cargo vessels, and ocean-going multi-purpose ships.

 

Competitive advantage of the nation

  • Bangladesh has plenty of skilled manpower and labor cost is cheaper than many other countries. On average, ship owners can save at least 15% of the production cost.
  • Bangladesh’s favorable weather conditions allow us to be more productive compared to shipyards in Europe and other parts of the world.

 

Recommendations for the government

  • Shipyards require long-term easy loans with single digit interests for its high social and economic value addition. The industry looks forward to more government involvement in this regard.
  • The government should prohibit import of second-hand ships.
  • The country’s infrastructure needs to be improved to attract orders for new ships. Shipbuilding requires constant maintenance of proper roads and highways, bridges, port facilities, dredging works and many others to facilitate the heavy engineering and high-tech work.
  • Presence of Quality Management System (QMS) has to be ensured in Bangladeshi shipyards.
  • In addition, investment is needed in research and development to take the industry to the next level to build bigger ocean-going vessels.

 

Recommendations for industry players

  • Now is the time to move one step further and build very big, specialised and hi-tech ships.
  • The shipbuilding industry should turn its focus to building environment-friendly ships. Ships of the future will be emitting very little toxic elements into the atmosphere.

(Various sources)

Computing Platforms, Areas and Development Tools

Computing Platforms

Desktop

C#, Java: Java Development Skills , C++, Scala, Common Lisp, Clojure, Python

Web

Back-end

ASP.NET (C#)

Java Framework: Spring; Java / Scala Framework: Play

Python Framework: Django

PHP Framework: CakePHP; CMS: Drupal, WordPress, Joomla

Front-end

HTML5, CSS, Javascript Libraries: AngularJS, jQuery, Bootstrap

Mobile

Android

Distributed, Parallel and Cloud Computing

Akka

Multicore Computing

GPU Computing

CUDA

Gaming

Game Engine: Unity (C#), Unreal Engine (C++)

Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality

Unity (C#), Unreal Engine (C++)

IoT and Robotics

Raspberry Pi, Arduino

Computer Science Areas

Database

RDBMS

MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite

NoSQL

Document-oriented: MongoDB; Column-oriented: Cassandra

Big Data, Data Analytics and Visualization

Hadoop, Hama, Spark

Python: Pandas, Matplotlib

Computational Science and Engineering

Python: NumPy, MatplotLib, SciPy, SymPy, Biopython, Astropy, Sage

Artificial Intelligence

Machine Learning

TensorFlow; Python: Keras, Theano, Scikit-learn, PyTorch

Natural Language Processing, Statistical Language Processing

Python: NLTK

Computer Vision

OpenCV

Animation

Blender

System Administration and Network Programming

Linux, Python

Articles:

 

What I worked on today [10.27.19]

 

What I worked on today

  1. How to write fiction – novels and short stories: Science Fiction short story. Mystery story. Thriller novel. Fantasy short story.
    • Why: Currently, I am working on 2 short stories: 1 Sci fi, 1 Mystery.
  2. Compare and learn: C++, Java, C#, Python, PHP.
      • C++: Looping, Branching, Object oriented features, Boost library
      • Java: Object oriented features, Functional programming features, GUI, Android development
      • C#: Object oriented features, Functional programming features, Other features: LINQ
      • Python: Objects, Class, Functions, Built in Data Structures, Django (Web)
      • PHP: Assignment oriented features (based on C), Dynamic typing, Object oriented features (based on Java), Functional programming features.
    • Why: Software startup
  3. Object oriented Software development. Applications of Functional programming. Component oriented Software development.
    • Why: Software startup, Research area
  4. Aeronautics and Astronautics
    • Why: AeroAstro company, Research area
  5. Mechanical Engineering: Simple machines, mechanisms
    • Why: Mechanical Engineering applications

X Engineering and Technology for Development

 

ICT for Development:

  1. Business (E-Commerce)
  2. Finance (Mobile Banking, Mobile payment)
  3. Healthcare (Telemedicine, Mobile health)
  4. Education (Example: One Laptop per child / $100 Laptop)
  5. Government services
  6. Information. Digitalization. (Webification, Mapping, Search)
  7. Transportation (Ride hailing services)
  8. Mass collaboration on specific projects (Example: Ushahidi)
  9. Agriculture

 

AI (Artificial Intelligence) for Development

  1. User interface (Speech recognition)

ECE for Development:

  1. Agriculture
    • IoT Devices

Mechanical Engineering for Development

  1. Energy (Low cost energy production)
  2. Healthcare (Low cost prosthesis)
  3. Transportation (Low cost vehicles)

Chemical Engineering for Development

  1. Clean water
  2. Healthcare (Parasitic control)
  3. Energy

Biomedical Engineering for Development

  1. Healthcare (Low cost diagnostic equipment)

Bioengineering for Development

  1. Agriculture
  2. Fisheries and livestock

Notes on BUET and DU

 

Proposal for new Departments in BUET:

  1. Aeronautics and Astronautics
  2. Nanoscience and Nanoengineering
  3. Applied Physics and Computational Engineering

 

University of Dhaka:

Focus on winning the Nobel Prize and other Science Prizes.

Proposal for new Departments in the Faculty of Biological Sciences in University of Dhaka:

  1. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology => Department of Biochemistry, Molecular and Cell Biology
  2. Department of Neuroscience

Inventions

 

To be inventions by Immanuel Tahsin:

  • Digital smart clock
  • Digital Globe (Earth, Map, Planets) (14th century world map, 18th century world map, world encyclopedia) (Apps: recommendation, travel)
  • Digital aquarium
  • Digital Calendar
  • Digital musical instruments
  • Digital educational tools
    • Digital biology tab (species identification)
  • E-reader

 

  • Digital mirror (makeup helper)
  • Streaming radio
  • Handheld air conditioner
  • Smart remote for smart home
  • Touchscreen graphing calculator (multiline display, programming/coding, numerical computing, symbolic computing, imaging – cam, student exam version, augmented keyboard)
  • Smart shoe (steps, distance, calorie, auto-tightening)
  • General knowledge gadget (image, video)
  • Smart light (multi-color, dimmer)
  • Wireless storage / flash drive
  • Virtual reality camera
  • Digital photo and video album (dual screen, writing option, photo/video organizing, vr photo/video viewing, built-in photo editing app, video editing app, photo/video album uphold/download from web, password protected albums, social commenting, tagging)
  • Digital interactive board for design/company decision making
  • Universal translator gadget (built-in micro phone, cam for scanning, translating)
  • Digital notebook / digital pen (productivity apps, painting apps, search, automatic indexing)

Nations: Work

 

Bangladesh

Government:

Private:

United States of America and Europe

Private:

Academia:

United States of America

Government

United Kingdom

Government:

  • Creation of Technology and Entrepreneurial Hub (Software / IoT / Biotechnology / Machine – Mechanical)

Private / Research:

  • Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering

Teachings

 

Teachings

  1. The first teaching is: serve God.
    • “Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and all your soul and all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.”” [Matthew 22:37-38]
  2. The second teaching: serve others.
    • “And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.'” [Matthew 22:39]

Entrepreneurship Development

 

Information Flow & Community

To make Free Market Economy work properly free flow of information and access to information about market has to be ensured. #FreeMarketEconomyForNations
We look at the importance of information from both supply and demand side.

Looking from the demand side:
If the buyer has Market information – the buyer can know where to buy a product at the lowest cost. When buyers have information about price, vendors compete with themselves on price, and the most appropriate price is determined by the Market.

Again, looking from the supply side:

How does a new entrepreneur know – in which market is there a business opportunity? Which product is in demand?

For a new entrepreneur – the most important thing for success is – information.

Here’s what we’ll do:

  • Develop Websites to ensure that entrepreneurs receive all business related information
  • Building a community of entrepreneurs; help them learn through interaction and take new initiatives collectively.

[Website:

What are the opportunities for new ventures,

What are the possibilities, what are the problems, …

Everyone will share what problems they have encountered while doing business in different fields.

– Detailed information.]

Links

Finance

Finance –

  • Banking Sector,
  • Venture Capital Firm, Angel Investors’ Firm, Incubator Firm
  • Stock Market

Finance – Banking Sector

…………

Above Article in Bengali: Entrepreneurship Development (উদ্যোক্তা উন্নয়ন)

Outline of Reform and Development plan in Education Sector (of Bangladesh) 2: Fundamental changes in Education System, Primary and Secondary Education

 

Fundamental changes in Education System

  • Education is the most important force. There is vast latent power hidden in every human being. Through education, each one can become a huge force by awakening one’s latent power. It is possible to achieve everything in life with knowledge and education. Anyone can to do anything starting at almost any age if tried in the right way – this belief has to be woken up in everyone. If people can wake up, they will not need anything else. Whereas a single person can become a huge force, we would not have to look back, if we can raise this latent potential in 160 million people.
    • Education is not limited to academic institutions only, we can learn from everything around us at each moment of life.
    • Our generation has the highest scope to raise itself compared to any time in history. Modern technological inventions have given us unique discoveries and opportunities – people can now learn anything at any point of time, communicate with anyone, reach out to millions of people, work, and earn money.
  • Budget allocation for education sector will increase.
  • Education Commission will be formed with educationists and experts. On the basis of the commission’s suggestions, with input from students, parents, a radical reform will be brought in every stage of education from primary to higher education.
  • Creative, problem solving based and practical life applicable education system will be introduced.
    • Methods to see the world through knowledge gained from books will be taught.
    • “Learning by doing” will be introduced. This will create a synthesis of book world and real life.
  • Students will learn by using modern Information Technology. They will learn through mutual communication using information technology.
  • From engineers to peasants, the opportunity of “lifelong learning” will be available to all utilizing information technology.

 

Primary and Secondary Education

  • Modern libraries will be built in each school of the country.
    • Those libraries will be the center of knowledge acquisition and knowledge sharing.
    • Books, computers with high speed internet and necessary equipment will be provided.
    • School libraries will always be open. Students will be able to spend time in the library as long as their hunger for knowledge isn’t satisfied.
  • Changes in the curriculum will be brought about to build up good citizens. Ethics education will be included.
  • Reforms in the method of testing (examination) and assessment system will take place.
  • Students will participate in merit based competitions. A meritorious nation will be developed through various Olympiads, competitions and other initiatives.
    • Students, teenagers, young people will solve problems during their leisure time. Intellectual wisdom will grow. A new culture will prosper. Everyone will be thoughtful, meritorious, intelligent.
    • From national up to the village level, Mathematical Olympiad, culture of science projects will be spread.

 

Above Article in Bengali: Outline of Reform and Development plan in Education Sector (শিক্ষা খাতে সংস্কার ও উন্নয়ন পরিকল্পনার রূপরেখা)

Outline of Reform and Development plan in Education Sector (of Bangladesh) 1: Universities and Higher Education

 

Universities and Higher Education

  • Several world-class research universities will be established in Bangladesh.
    • With the initiative of building world-class universities, research institutes and industries in the country, and ensuring investment, Bangladeshi PhD Degree recipients from top universities of the world will be brought back to the nation.
    • It is possible to establish BUET, DU and CUET as world class universities now. If the wind of change takes place it will spread to all the universities. NSU, MIST, CU, SUST, RU, KUET, RUET, KU and other universities will come up top at rankings. Just like we are grabbing top positions in ICPC or TopCoder rankings.
    • Quality research will start in universities – funding and allocation will increase, research culture will change. Faculty members will do research, publish papers not only to get promotions, but to solve problems of the industry, establish new scientific theories.
    • Collaboration between the University and Industry will increase.
      • Considering demand of the industry, changes in the curriculum of universities will take place.
      • Universities and Industries will work together in product development and research.
      • A student project will become an industrial product.
      • Faculty members will apply for funding for product development and Research to Industry.
    • Transparency will be ensured in giving approval to private universities and their branches – minimum quality will be ensured.
  • Ranking system for universities of Bangladesh maintaining international standards will be introduced.
    • Various “objective measures” will be used in the ranking system – which cannot be debated upon: Points for paper publication in journals and conferences, Points for impact factor of papers, Points for success at national and international competitions, Points for percentage of employment within 3 months of passing, Points for teachers’ educational qualifications and research profiles, Points for student-teacher ratio – and other such measures.
    • Private universities will compete for meritorious students among themselves and with government universities – and as a result, the quality of all the universities will increase.
    • Subject / Department-based ranking system will be introduced.
    • A university student might proudly say: you know what, our University’s Computer Science and Engineering department is the best! Another student will declare: our University’s Mechanical Engineering department is the best and one of the top 10 in Asia!
  • Among the 3 dreams that were determined by Bangladesh Mathematical Olympiad Committee were: A Bangladeshi Mathematician winning the Fields Medal by 2022 and by 2030 a Bangladeshi scientist winning the Nobel Prize. World-class research institutes will be established and a new awakening in research culture will be ensured to make sure these dreams of winning the Fields Medal and the Nobel Prize by 2030 are realized.
  • Appropriate steps will be taken so that the educational activities of higher education institutions are not obstructed due to ill politics, and corruption (such as recruitment irregularities).
    • Reasons for session jam (violence on campus, teachers’ and students’ politics, etc.) will be identified and appropriate steps will be taken. Undergraduate students will complete their bachelor’s degree in 4 years.
    • We want to see the practice of healthy politics, innovative initiatives in the education sector – students will work together to solve various problems of colleges and universities, and also solve problems of people.
  • Public universities will be established in those districts where there is no university. Districts which have their own universities will have their seats increased.
    • If given opportunity many people will want to do good jobs with a degree from colleges, universities. Some colleges and universities can not be confined to HSC or equivalent students only. Education is the surest possible way to get established in society – many understand this after being a little older!

 

Above Article in Bengali: Outline of Reform and Development plan in Education Sector (শিক্ষা খাতে সংস্কার ও উন্নয়ন পরিকল্পনার রূপরেখা)