Areas Of Study As Source For Critical Thinking Tools

Want to become a better thinker?Here are a few places to look for “Critical Thinking Tools”:

  • Mathematical Problem Solving 
    • e.g., Works of George Polya [1]
  • Artificial Intelligence
    • Problem Solving.
  • Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology 
    • Exemplary Work:
      • Society of Mind by Marvin Minsky [4]
      • The Emotion Machine by Marvin Minsky [5] 
  • Management
    • Systems Thinking
      • The Fifth Discipline [2]
  • Neuroscience
  • Computer Science
    • Computational Thinking Tools; e.g., Recursive Thinking, Abstractions at multiple levels;
  • Mathematics
    • Basically, all of Mathematics
  • Eastern Techniques
    • e.g., Meditation.  
  • Tools like Mindmap 
    • Leonardo Da Vinci used his own form of Mindmaps


  1. How to Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method (Princeton Science Library) Paperback – April 25, 2004 by G. Polya (Author), John H. Conway (Foreword) 
  2. The Fifth Discipline: The Art & Practice of The Learning Organization by Peter M. Senge  
  3. Books on Critical Thinking 
  4. The Society of Mind by Marvin Minsky 
  5. The Emotion Machine: Commonsense Thinking, Artificial Intelligence, and the Future of the Human Mind by Marvin Minsky 

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