Stimulating Research in Universities

 

Stimulating research in Universities:

  1. Introduction of High quality Journals, Conferences, Workshops.
  2. Promotion of Faculty members based on research quality (no. of citations, etc.) and output (number of publications).
  3. Government role: Increased spending on R&D in annual budget.
  4. Government role: Government research grant based on merit of fund seeker and of proposal.
  5. Academia – Industry collaboration: Publication a way of attracting fund from Private sector. Stimulating private sector to collaborate with Academia on research projects.
    • Academia – Industry collaboration promotes high quality research as faculty members strive for solving real problems rather than concentrate solely on increasing number of publications.
  6. Collaboration among Government research laboratories, Academia & Industry.

Higher Education Reform & Development Plans II

 

Higher education reform:

  1. Course, Course content modernization.
  2. Gradual replacement of descriptive questions in exams with problem-based questions (gradual so that questions never go beyond students’ abilities), especially for engineering, science majors. Medicine: gradual increase of clinical case questions in exams.
  3. Problem solving culture among students (CSE, Mechanical Engineering, Physics, Mathematics) -> Better prepared for Industry.
  4. Emphasis on practical, lab work, Projects (engineering, science majors).

Urban / Smart City Development in Bangladesh

 

Urban Development in Bangladesh

Primary focus with regard to quality of life:

  1. Uninterrupted Electricity supply
    • Establishment of new Power Plants
  2. Water supply
  3. Gas supply
  4. Congestion-free Transportation
    • Flyover, Metro-rail, Big Data & Smarter Traffic, Mobile services
  5. High speed Internet at affordable cost

Systems that comprise a City (Requirement for development of Cities from scratch):

  1. Commercial zones; Employment
    • Most important. It’s employment opportunities that bring a large number of people to live nearby in a city.
    • Ease of doing business
  2. Education facilities
    • Schools, Colleges, Universities
  3. City Infrastructure
    • Roads & Highways
    • Services mentioned above (Power/Electricity, Water, Gas, Telecommunication)
  4. Healthcare facilities
  5. Modern Transportation e.g., Metro-rail
  6. Law & Order maintenance
  7. Modern Habitation. Smart Homes
  8. Environment Management
    • Waste Management. Water clogging management. Vehicle fume. Industrial waste. Clean Road. River pollution.
  9. Safe Food
  10. City Attractions: Museums, Zoos, Parks
    • Plus: Modern Programs, Ceremonies, Culture & Arts
  11. Architecture. Roadside building Renovation
  12. Smart City: Systems, Applications & Appliances

Urban Expansion in Bangladesh:

One city (with electricity, water, gas supply) in each Upazila (total number of Upazilas: 492, minus upazilas / thanas belonging to Cities).

How does Bangladesh become a Happy Nation

 

How does Bangladesh become a Happy Nation

বাংলাদেশ কি করে একটি সুখী দেশে পরিণত হয় 

  1. Well paid jobs. Handsome salary of individuals (ভাল বেতন)
    • How does an economy create well paid jobs? Improved education and/or expertise of employees, Automation increases employee productivity in firms. As worker productivity goes up, salary increases. Another possible way: salary increases if the market size the employer firm is in increases and with it sale increases. From a macroeconomic point of view, bigger economy has good chance of creating well paid jobs if it is supplemented with increased productivity of employees.
    • Handsome salary is good for employers as it increases aggregate demand in the economy.
  2. Economically Developed Nation (অর্থনৈতিকভাবে উন্নত দেশ)
  3. Advanced Biotechnology (উন্নত জৈবপ্রযুক্তি)
  4. Creative, Scientific, Technological, Artistic, Business, Nation Building, Meaningful work environment; Empowerment of individuals to do such work (সৃজনশীল, বৈজ্ঞানিক, প্রযুক্তিগত, শিল্পসাহিত্য, ব্যবসা, দেশ গঠন, অর্থপূর্ণ কাজের পরিবেশ; এই ধরনের কাজ করতে ব্যক্তিদের ক্ষমতায়ন)
  5. Social structure. Social Norms (সামাজিক কাঠামো; সামাজিক রীতিনীতি)
  6. Psychological well-being (মানসিক সুস্বাস্থ্য)
  7. Happiness by design (Gamification, Theme Park, etc.). ICT for happiness. Technology for happiness (আনন্দদায়ী ডিজাইন [ক্রীড়াকরণ, থিম পার্ক ইত্যাদি]; আনন্দের জন্য আইসিটি; আনন্দের প্রযুক্তি)