Managing Complexity

Managing Complexity In Your Head

Finding it hard to understand a complex phenomenon?

How do you manage complexity in your head?

1. Visualization / Imagination

Imagination by Katrina Kaif

 

‘The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination’ – Imagination by Katrina Kaif

Language and words are discrete. Visualize, so you see ‘all’, ‘the whole’ at once.

  • Organization
  • Connected Structure – how parts are connected to form the whole; what happens when a part is changed.
  • Chunking

2. Abstraction

Create Abstractions to help you see whole in terms of abstract concepts, when it’s hard to see ‘whole’ at once.

  • Visualization is usually top-down; creating abstractions can be done both bottom-up and top-down.
  • Recursive definitions are one type of abstraction.
  • Naming.
  • Concept borrowed from Computer Science; applicable across disciplines.

3. Generalization

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‘Have a good day , and a great week , and just a wonderful life in general ! ‘ – Generalization by Katrina Kaif

Abstract classes and classes of behaviors into Generalizations.

Science is all about discovering generalizations.

4. Systems Thinking

Divide the whole into systems and the systems into sub-systems and their interactions – Systems Thinking.

5. Knowledge Ontology

Organize generalizations into Knowledge Ontology.

Move up and down between Multiple Levels Of Abstractions.

Concept borrowed from Artificial Intelligence (AI).

6. Point of View / Perspective

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Perspective by Katrina Kaif

Find new Points of view from which to look at the domain under consideration (examples include how American Physicist Richard Feynman found new way of looking at interactions between light and matter which helped him discard infinities and formulate QED).

 

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‘Seeing the world through different glasses’ – Point of view, zooming in and out by Katrina Kaif

  • Understand part (representative element / elements) to understand the whole – Part – Whole.
  • Lens tool – “zoom in” and “zoom out”.

 

 

 

 

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‘If plan A didn’t work stay cool, the Alphabet has 25 more letters’ – Google Alphabet by Katrina Kaif

  • Problem – Sub-problem
    • Examples
      • Recursion
      • Dynamic Programming
      • Mathematical Induction

 

  • Individual Element – Whole 
    • Examples
      • Matrix Multiplication: individual element = respective row * column
      • Proof of Inclusion Exclusion Principle.
      • Coloring Principle (Problem Solving Heuristic)
      • Telescoping Tool (Mathematical Problem Solving; Series Summation)
  • Local Behavior – Global Behavior
    • Invariance Principle (Problem Solving Heuristic)
      • Change in individual states – Invariant Global function.
    • Iteration in Computing
      • Thinking in terms of change in state in an iteration.

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At the end of the day: ‘Hold on, I’ve gotta overthink about it!’ – Managing complexity by Katrina Kaif

Tahsin’s Reading List (Books): Computer & Software Industry

Evolution of Computers & Computing

Quantum Information

Internet & Web

Mobile Computing

Computer Firms

Artificial Intelligence

Big Data

Work & Automation

Physical Computing / Internet of Things / Ubiquitous Computing

Digital Medicine / Healthcare IT

Educational Technology / Computers in Education

Cyber-Security

Science & Engineering: AI At Allen Institute & More

 

Artificial Intelligence

“Paul Allen said his decision to fund AI research lab was inspired by the question of how books and other knowledge might be encoded to become the basis for computer interactions.

… A new synthesis of artificial intelligence, weaving together powerful machine-learning tools with traditional logic-oriented software.

Researchers have focused on three projects — one in computer vision (in which computers learn to recognize images), one to build a reasoning system capable of taking standardized school tests, and a third to help scholars deal with fire hose of information inundating every scientific field.

In September, researchers celebrated first milestone — 60 percent correct answers in language portion of New York State’s fourth-grade science test.”

Science & Engineering News: AI @IBM, Postdoctoral System, Microsoft and More …

 

Academia: Postdoctoral System

“There is a growing number of postdocs and few places in academia for them to go. Some end up trapped as ‘permadocs’: doing multiple postdoc terms, staying for many years and, in a small but significant proportion, never leaving. What does the future hold?

By the time … reached her twelfth year as a postdoctoral fellow, she had finally had enough …”

 

Microsoft

 

Artificial Intelligence @IBM

“IBM is testing an idea for making computers more intelligent by utilizing Jeff Hawkins’ ideas on how the human brain operates.”

Articles

Tahsin’s Recommendations: Books on Neurology, Neuroscience, Psychology & Cognitive Science

 

Tahsin’s Recommendations:

Books on Neurology: Books by Neurologists

Books on Neuroscience

Books on Psychological and Cognitive Sciences

#BookRecommendation

 

Cognitive Neuroscience

 

Books Authored by Neurologists, Neuroscientists, Psychologists & Computer Scientists

 

 

  • Books by Dr V. S. Ramachandran [Areas of Research: Neurology; Neuroscience] 
    • Curious Neurological cases and interesting explanations.

 

  • Books by Dr Oliver Sacks [Areas of Research: Neurology; Neuroscience]
    • Neurological Case Studies. Each chapter in his books features a curious neurological patient with a curious disorder. 

 

 

  • Books by Dr Antonio Damasio [Areas of Research: Neurology; Neuroscience]
    • Dr Damasio’s books focus on the topics of Emotion, Feelings and Consciousness.

 

 

Latest From Science & Engineering, Medicine & Innovation [03.03.15]

 

Google

 

Digital Car

“NXP Semiconductor Inc. agreed to buy Texas-based Freescale Semiconductor Inc. in a cash-and-stock deal valued at about $11.8 billion. The purchase would vault Netherlands-based NXP to No. 1 supplier of chips for cars.”

 

Deep Learning  #DeepLearning  #MachineLearning  #BigData

 

Mobile Computing

Latest From Science & Engineering, Medicine & Innovation [02.26.15]

Artificial Intelligence

“Google Deepmind’s Software lagged human performance at 20 others, and only matched it for the rest.

DeepMind’s software only looks back at the last four video frames of game play (just a 15th of a second) to learn what moves pay off or how to use its past experience to choose its next move. That means it can only master games where you can make progress using tactics that have very immediate payoffs.”

Latest From Science & Engineering, Medicine & Innovation [02.05.15]

Drug Discovery

Robot Scientist

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“Eve exploits artificial intelligence to learn from early successes in her screens and select compounds that have a high probability of being active against a chosen drug target,”

Eve automates early-stage drug design. The robot system is able to screen over 10,000 compounds per day, and uses a smart screening system based on genetically engineered yeast. This allows Eve to exclude compounds that are toxic to cells and select those that block the action of the parasite protein while leaving any equivalent human protein unharmed.”