Latest From Science, Technology, Medicine & Innovation [12.16.14]

What’s In Today

  • GeoEngineering
  • Cloud Computing
  • Big Data / Visualization
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Smart Home
  • BioEngineering & Translational Medicine
  • Wealth Generation from unused / under-used Public / Private Resources
    • Sharing Economy
    • Increasing Efficiency
  • Smart Retail



GeoEngineering

GeoEngineering could be applied to

  • Deal with Climate Change
  • Predict and Control Natural Disasters

 



“Experiments designed to learn more about ways of geoengineering the climate should be allowed to proceed

SHINY things absorb less heat when left in the sun. This means that if the Earth could be made a little shinier it would be less susceptible to global warming. Ways to brighten it, such as adding nanoscale specks of salt to low clouds, making them whiter, or putting a thin haze of particles into the stratosphere, are the province of “geoengineering”. The small band of scientists which has been studying this subject over the past decade or so has mostly been using computer models. Some of them are now proposing outdoor experiments—using seawater-fed sprayers to churn out particles of the exact size needed to brighten clouds, or spewing sulphur particles from underneath a large balloon 20km up in the sky ….”

“Scientific studies of techniques for deliberately modifying the climate are getting ready to move out of the laboratory”

Cloud Computing

“The developer tools of Microsoft’s Azure cloud service are superior, he says, and he likes its personalized customer service.

“The Battle in Seattle.” (Microsoft vs Amazon in Cloud Computing)

Synergy Research Group puts Amazon’s share of the $14.5 billion worldwide market for cloud infrastructure services at 27 percent as of this year’s third quarter, down slightly from 28 percent the year before, while Azure’s has climbed three percentage points to 10 percent“It’s clearly a two-horse race now”

Azure now supports seven versions of Linux

Microsoft is also trying to recruit customers among the young Web companies that are Amazon’s main market. It offers members of some tech accelerators or incubators $5,000 a month of Azure services at no cost for up to a year.

Microsoft’s Guthrie says salespeople sign up more than 10,000 Azure customers each week.



Big Data / Visualization

 
 
 
Artificial Intelligence

 

 

“DeepMind researchers showed off software that had learned to play three classic Atari games – Pong, Breakout and Enduro – better than an expert human. 

DeepMind had made use of a newly fashionable machine learning technique called deep learning, which involves processing data through networks of crudely simulated neurons. But it had combined deep learning with other tricks to make something with an unexpected level of intelligence.

DeepMind had combined deep learning with a technique called reinforcement learning,

Hassabis dreams of creating “AI scientists” that could do things like generate and test new hypotheses about disease in the lab. When prodded, he also says that DeepMind’s software could also be useful to robotics.”

“Richard Socher is trying to bring A.I. tools to a larger audience. A Stanford Ph.D., Socher in 2009 helped create ImageNet, a set of benchmarks that A.I. researchers use to compare their image-recognition software in an annual online competition.

[Applications of text- and photo-recognition Software:]

MetaMind taught its software to study mammograms and incorporate doctors’ reports, to identify evidence of breast cancer, for a radiology company. For a consumer electronics company, it wrote an algorithm that could recognize foods based on cell phone photos; … it’s working on ways to count calories looking at images.

MetaMind is also working to help a financial-services firm evaluate the risk of a stock selloff by scanning corporate financial disclosures, and to help a customer-retention company identify online interactions that suggest when a retailer needs to reach out to an angry customer


Most A.I. programs can’t scan written and visual media at once


Matthew Zeiler, the CEO of image-focused A.I. startup Clarifai in New York, says his company has been most focused on “real-world applications” such as tracking brands in social media photos or scanning security footage for incidents


According to the ImageNet benchmarks Socher designed—MetaMind’s software correctly classifies objects 92.4 percent of the time; based on the results from this year’s ImageNet competition, that’s second only to Google.”

 
 
Smart Home

“Samsung, Apple (AAPL), and Google (GOOG) are all envisioning a world where things such as mobile devices and household goods surrounding us will speak to each other,”

 
 

BioEngineering & Translational Medicine






Wealth Generation from unused / under-used Public / Private Resources
Sharing Economy
Increasing Efficiency

“WeWork Companies Inc., a provider of shared office space, believes it can be as transformational to its industry as upstarts like Airbnb Inc. and Uber Technologies Inc. are in travel and transportation.”




Smart Retail

“Testing ‘Buy Now’ Button, Other Enhancements to Build Online Commerce Site”