Around Middle East & North Africa [01.07.15]

Iran

 

Palestine

“Under ICC (International Criminal Court) rules, Palestinian membership would allow the court, based in The Hague, to exercise jurisdiction over war crimes committed by anyone on Palestinian territory, without a referral from the U.N. Security Council.”

Palestine As An Independent Nation [12.18.14]

Recognition by European Union Parliament

“After a deal among the main parties in the parliament, the motion, carried by 498 votes to 88, stated: “The European parliament supports in principle recognition of Palestinian statehood and the two-state solution, and believes these should go hand in hand with the development of peace talks, which should be advanced.”


“Decision to Place Hamas on List Taken on Inadequate Grounds, Court Says”


Links

Recognition by France, Britain, Sweden, Ireland & Spain

Palestine As An Independent Nation [12.03.14]

Link From TahsinVersion2



Recognition by France

“France’s Socialist-led parliament has passed a symbolic vote to recognize Palestinian statehood, despite staunch objections from Israel. MPs in Britain and Spain have already passed similar motions. 

The proposal was passed with 339 votes in favor and 151 against. 

Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius has supported the vote, setting a two-year deadline for the creation of an independent Palestine. He said that if no resolution had been found by then, France would officially recognize Palestine anyway.”

Recognition by Britain 

Recognition by Spain

“Spanish lawmakers on Tuesday urged their government to recognise Palestine as a state.

The text that was adopted said: “The parliament urges the government to recognise Palestine as a state … This recognition should be the consequence of a process negotiated between the parties that guarantees peace and security for both, the respect of the rights of the citizens and regional stability.”

Foreign minister José Manuel García-Margallo said the government was now committed to working in favour of a dialogue between the two parties that brought “peace, stability and progress to a region that has been suffering for a long time”.

He also called on the European Union to have a coordinated approach on the issue.”

Recognition by Ireland

Ireland’s upper house of parliament Wednesday passed a motion calling on the Dublin government to recognise the state of Palestine”

Possible Foreign Policy For America In The Middle East

Syria

  • No support for Sunni extremists. [1]
  • Encourage Iran to stop support for Shiite extremists.
  • Peace talks / Negotiations – An interim neutral “Caretaker Government” holding elections. [2]
  • Threat of international court – Crime against humanity.

 

 
Saudi Arabia  
  • Relies on America for consolidating its dominance in the Middle East. 
  • Message to the Saudis – It’s not necessary to crush your opponent for regional dominance. Better – bolster your own economy.

 


Iran

  • Why can’t the West form close ties with Iran (with Nuclear deals)? 
 

Egypt 

  • Above all, mass killings, etc. of Muslim brotherhood supporters has to be stopped immediately. 
 

Encourage both Iran and Saudi Arabia to bolster their economies – more economic interdependence, more commerce with America with benefit to both.

Factors

  • Our increasing Energy independence.
  • Circumstances in Russia-Ukraine.

 

 


Notes on Foreign policy

Consider both

  • what is beneficial to you
  • what is beneficial to the country you are considering (view from their perspective)

 

If it’s non-zero sum, you can make them work with you so that it’s beneficial to both.

Both sides involved in a relationship feel comfortable when each has interests for which it knows that the other depends on it.
US – Saudi relationship (since 1945)

An Interim Neutral Government holding Elections Can Lead to Peaceful Resolution In Syria

An Interim Neutral Government holding Elections Can Lead to Peaceful Resolution In Syria 

[Published: 01.24.14]

In Syria, People belonging to the “rebels” groups who have lost their family members in the civil war, are not ready to accept Bashar Al-Assad as the President.

There are talks going on at the moment organized by UN for transition of power to a transitional government.

The Syrian regime has no intentions for handing over power. We have observed support to Bashar Al-Assad’s government from both Iran and Russia.

More than 110,000 people have lost their lives. What is the point of adding more to that?

Syrian land has become a fertile ground for growth of opposing groups of militants and extremists.

Our carefree attitude might make us pay price in the longer term.

Democracy has to be restored. People should be given the right to choose their own leaders and representatives and it’s the responsibility of leaders to win people’s hearts.

United States can propose for a caretaker government to hold a free and fair election and hand over power to the winning political party.

In Bangladesh, we have experience of Interim Neutral Caretaker Government successfully holding free and fair elections in the years 1996, 2001 and 2008. An advisory council led by the last retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court rules the country for three months and holds the election before an elected government takes over power in Bangladesh.


The Interim Neutral Caretaker Government could be such that

  • The chief of the caretaker government is acceptable to all the parties involved.
  • Military and arms support from outside countries are stopped immediately. 
  • The caretaker government shows zero tolerance to extremists and militias, no matter what ideology they represent.
  • The situation in Syria returns at least close to normal. Initiatives are taken to bring back all the refugees back to Syria. The refugee situation is causing disastrous effects in the Middle East. Humanitarian efforts are undertaken.
  • A definite time period is determined during which the Caretaker Government rules. Before the time period ends, a free, fair, credible and internationally acceptable election is held.


Iran and Russia can make sure the Syrian regime accepts the proposal.


Tolerance for the sake of humanity is expected from Leaders.

Influence & Impact of this Article: [As of 04.09.15]

The proposed Model was adopted by Hamas and Fatah to form an Interim Government for West Bank and Gaza Region in 2014 and led to a historic union between Hamas and Fatah.

FatahHamasPalestine

 

Conflicting Interest in Regional Dominance is Nurturing Militants and Extremists in Middle East: Is this Acceptable?

In Middle East, regional dominance and Shiite-Sunni conflict is giving rise to and encouraging militants and extremists.Saudi Arabia and it’s allies and Iran and it’s allies are in opposite groups, with Saudi Arabia being Sunni dominant and Iran being Shiite dominant.

 

Because of power conflict and interest in regional dominance, both sides are encouraging groups of opposing militants and extremists.

But does “Islam”, a word derived from “Salam”, which literally means “peace”, really encourage or even approve such conflicts?
Suicide and collateral damage are forbidden in Islam and the person who commits suicide is destined to go to hell.
Prophet Muhammad declared unity of humanity in his last sermon, “All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action.” [1]

In the age of globalization, it’s the mutual economic relationship and mutual economic engagement, not military engagement, that brings prosperity.



Follow-ups

Reference