Around The World [10.01.15]

Latin America

“Argentina and Uruguay have installed programs to accept Syrians. Venezuela announced in September that it would accept 20,000 Syrians, while Chile said it would accept 50 Syrian families. Brazil is home to more than 2,000 Syrians who fled their home, and since 2013 the country has granted refugee status to more than 7,000 asylum-seekers.”

আজকের উপলব্ধিতে নাগরিক ঐক্য [০৯.০৯.১৫]

 

শিক্ষা Education

যেকোন গোলমেলে পরিস্থিতিতে উপস্থিত নারীদের নিরাপদ দূরত্বে যেতে অনুরোধ করতে হবে এবং না সরা পর্যন্ত কর্মকান্ড স্থগিত রাখতে হবে। এই ন্যূনতম ভদ্রতাটুকু প্রত্যেক বাংলাদেশীর মাঝে থাকতে হবে।

 

চলতি বছরের বাজেটে প্রাইভেট ইউনিভার্সিটির শিক্ষার্থীদের উপর আরোপিত সাড়ে সাত শতাংশ বাড়তি ভ্যাট প্রত্যাহার করা হোক

Economics 101: Budget and Taxation

একটা দেশে সরকার ট্যাক্স, ভ্যাট (VAT – ভালু-অ্যাডেড ট্যাক্স) কেন আরোপ করে?

জনগণের উপর ট্যাক্স আরোপ করা হয় সরকারি প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলো এবং দেশের উন্নয়ন কর্মকাণ্ড পরিচালনার জন্য।

বর্তমান সার্বিক অর্থনৈতিক পরিস্থিতিতে প্রাইভেট ইউনিভার্সিটির শিক্ষার্থীদের ওপর বাড়তি ভ্যাট আরোপের যৌক্তিকতা আছে কি?

বাংলাদেশের সাম্প্রতিক অর্থনৈতিক পরিস্থিতি আমরা লক্ষ্য করি।

দেশে দুর্নীতি কিন্তু অনেকখানি নিয়ন্ত্রণে।

হরতাল – অবরোধের সংস্কৃতি বিলোপের পথে।

কমার্শিয়াল অ্যাক্টিভিটিস পরিচালনার জন্য প্রয়োজনীয় উপাদানগুলো, যেমন – ইনফ্রাস্ট্রাকচার অ্যান্ড ট্রান্সপোরটেশান, বিদ্যুৎ, গ্যাস, ফাইনান্স বা অর্থসংস্থান, তথ্যপ্রযুক্তিগত সেবা, ফাইনান্সিয়াল টেকনোলজি, লজিস্টিকস বা পণ্য পরিবহণ – প্রত্যেকটি ক্ষেত্রে খুব সম্প্রতি ব্যাপক উন্নয়ন ঘটেছে।

ফলে Ease of Doing Business এর দিক দিয়ে বাংলাদেশ খুব দ্রুত অনেকখানি এগিয়ে গেছে। বাংলাদেশ কিন্তু অনেকটা হঠাৎ করেই প্রতিবেশী দেশগুলোকে ছাড়িয়ে গেছে / ছাড়ানোর পথে।

Ease of Doing Business এর ফলশ্রুতিতে দেশে ইকোনমিক এবং কমার্শিয়াল অ্যাক্টিভিটিস উল্লেখযোগ্য পরিমাণে বেড়েছে। কমার্শিয়াল অ্যাক্টিভিটিসের উপর রয়েছে সরকারের নির্ধারিত ট্যাক্স। ফলে দেশের উন্নয়নের সমান্তরালে সরকারের ট্যাক্স আদায়ের পরিমাণও বাড়ছে।

গত এক বছরে পাবলিক ইউটিলিটিস-র (বিদ্যুৎ, গ্যাস, ওয়াটার সাপ্লাই) বিল পরিশোধে দুর্নীতি কমেছে। একইভাবে কাস্টমসে শুল্ক আদায়ে দুর্নীতি আমরা অনেকখানি কমিয়ে এনেছি। এই ক্ষেত্রগুলো থেকেও উল্লেখযোগ্য পরিমাণে বেড়েছে সরকারের অর্থ আদায়। 

ইন্ডিকেটরস বলছে, চলতি অর্থবছরে লক্ষ্যমাত্রার চেয়ে বেশি ট্যাক্স আদায় হবে। পরিবর্তিত অর্থনৈতিক পরিস্থিতিতে উচ্চশিক্ষার উপর বাড়তি ভ্যাট আরোপ অপ্রয়োজনীয় বলে প্রতীয়মান হচ্ছে।

আমরা মনে করি, প্রাইভেট ইউনিভার্সিটির শিক্ষার্থীদের উপর আরোপিত ভ্যাট মধ্যবিত্ত পরিবারগুলোর উপর বাড়তি চাপ তৈরি করবে।  

চলতি বছরের বাজেটে প্রাইভেট ইউনিভার্সিটির শিক্ষার্থীদের উপর আরোপিত সাড়ে সাত শতাংশ বাড়তি ভ্যাট অবিলম্বে প্রত্যাহার করা হোক।

 

নাগরিক ঐক্য #Nagorik

রাজনৈতিক সংস্কার #PoliticalReform

ভূমি প্রতিমন্ত্রী সাইফুজ্জামান চৌধুরী

ভূমি প্রতিমন্ত্রী সাইফুজ্জামান চৌধুরী

“ভূমি প্রতিমন্ত্রী সাইফুজ্জামান চৌধুরী সাম্প্রতিক সময়ে দলে ‘আদর্শগত সংস্কার’ (Ideological Reform) এর উপর গুরুত্বারোপ করছেন। বঙ্গবন্ধুর আদর্শ হারিয়ে দলটি বর্তমানে ‘আদর্শগত সংকট’ (Ideological Crisis) এ রয়েছে।

ভূমি প্রতিমন্ত্রী বলেন, সঠিক আদর্শ ধারণ করে দেশের জন্য কাজ না করলে বিরোধী দলের নেতৃত্বেই দেশের অর্থনৈতিক উন্নয়ন ঘটবে।”

বাণিজ্য ও অর্থনীতি Business & Economy

Transportation 

Textile & Garment

নারী অধিকার প্রতিষ্ঠা #WomenEmpowerment #HeForShe

মাদকমুক্ত বাংলাদেশ  #StopDrugTrafficking  #Nagorik

National Security

International: Syrian Civil War

America In Realization [04.09.15]

 

Law & Justice

“North Charleston Mayor Keith Summey mandates more Police body cameras after shooting of black man.

The shooting in the sprawling industrial city of 104,000 people whose population is 47% black”

Missouri in Realization

Two African-Americans were elected to the Ferguson City Council on Tuesday and will join the existing black member. That means three of the council’s six seats will be held by minority officials—the first time that has happened in its 120-year history.”

– [04.09.15]

Earlier: America In Realization [12.02.14]

“The residents of Ferguson can and should transfer their anger to Politics.

Half of the City Council will be up for election in April.

  • Organizing and nominating a set of candidates,
  • Registering voters and
  • Running election campaigns

is far more exciting and surely the best possible way to bring about lasting change.

Note: Voter turnout in Ferguson has been only 11 percent to 12 percent. For black residents, the number has been even lower.

Let there be increased political awareness and constructive political involvement among American youth.

– [12.02.14]

 

Illinois in Realization

Mayor Rahm Emanuel

Mayor Rahm Emanuel

Business & Economics: BioPharma Industry

 

Foreign Policy: Middle East

“As Tehran focuses on finalizing agreement to lift sanctions, Syrian leader risks losing key ally.

Iran and Russia are willing to envision a solution to the four-year-old conflict in Syria that eventually eases Bashar-Al Assad out of power”

Changing The Hearts And Minds Of Extremists

Many (including Europeans) are drawn to IS by the prospect of a thrilling life (attaining glories, establishing their own state – a Caliphate). To them – staying at home and leading normal day to day life doesn’t appear to be as exciting as being part of a revolution.



Plans 

    • Introduce an acceptable way of getting thrills, glories, happiness 
      • In one of their recruitment videos, a person says, “Brothers, we are so happy!” But killings, mutilation, Bank robbery in the name of establishing Islam? For the sake of happiness?

 

 

  • Exciting and happy life for young driven Mulims lies in growing themselves, achieving both earthly and spiritual goals, not through robbing Banks and mutilating people (as the ISIS videos seem to demand).

 

  • Start a new organization. 
  • Lure the youth away from IS and get them together in the process of rebuilding Modern Iraq, a Modern Syria and the rest of Middle East. 
  • People love the feeling of excitement and [possibly] glory of being part of a Revolution. But a Revolution should be acceptable to everyone.
  • I have acceptance among Syrians. 
  • Thousands from Europe have already joined – many of whom are disillusioned. How are we going to deal with them when they get back to their home countries in Europe? A better approach would be to change their minds and hearts.




Related

  1. Becoming A Great Leader By Truly Understanding The People You Wish To Lead 

 

Articles On Situation in Syria, Iraq & The Rest Of Middle East

  1. Peace in Syria 
  2. Conflicting Interest In Regional Dominance Encouraging Militants And Extremists In Middle East: Is It Acceptable?
  3. Possible Foreign Policy For America In The Middle East  
  4. Towards World Peace  
  5. Middle East Peace Process  
  6. Around The World (09.17.14) 
  7. Caretaker Government Can Show The Way Of Peace In Syria   

“The caretaker government could be such that

  • The chief of the caretaker government is acceptable to all the parties involved.
  • Military and arms support from outside countries are stopped immediately. 
  • The caretaker government shows zero tolerance to extremists and militias, no matter what ideology they represent.
  • The situation in Syria returns at least close to normal. Initiatives are taken to bring back all the refugees back to Syria. The refugee situation is causing disastrous effects in the Middle East. Humanitarian efforts are undertaken.
  • A definite time period is determined during which the caretaker government rules. Before the time period ends, a free, fair, credible and internationally acceptable election is held.”

 

 (January 23, 2014)


References

  1. Middle East & Africa – The Economist 

Possible Foreign Policy For America In The Middle East

Syria

  • No support for Sunni extremists. [1]
  • Encourage Iran to stop support for Shiite extremists.
  • Peace talks / Negotiations – An interim neutral “Caretaker Government” holding elections. [2]
  • Threat of international court – Crime against humanity.

 

 
Saudi Arabia  
  • Relies on America for consolidating its dominance in the Middle East. 
  • Message to the Saudis – It’s not necessary to crush your opponent for regional dominance. Better – bolster your own economy.

 


Iran

  • Why can’t the West form close ties with Iran (with Nuclear deals)? 
 

Egypt 

  • Above all, mass killings, etc. of Muslim brotherhood supporters has to be stopped immediately. 
 

Encourage both Iran and Saudi Arabia to bolster their economies – more economic interdependence, more commerce with America with benefit to both.

Factors

  • Our increasing Energy independence.
  • Circumstances in Russia-Ukraine.

 

 


Notes on Foreign policy

Consider both

  • what is beneficial to you
  • what is beneficial to the country you are considering (view from their perspective)

 

If it’s non-zero sum, you can make them work with you so that it’s beneficial to both.

Both sides involved in a relationship feel comfortable when each has interests for which it knows that the other depends on it.
US – Saudi relationship (since 1945)

An Interim Neutral Government holding Elections Can Lead to Peaceful Resolution of Conflict In Syria

An Interim Neutral Government holding Elections Can Lead to Peaceful Resolution of Conflict In Syria 

[Published: 01.24.14]

In Syria, People belonging to “rebels” groups who have lost family members in the civil war, are not ready to accept Bashar Al-Assad as President.

There are talks going on at the moment organized by UN for transition of power to a transitional government.

The Syrian regime has no intentions for handing over power. We have observed support for Bashar Al-Assad’s government from both Iran and Russia.

More than 110,000 people have lost their lives. What is the point of adding more to that?

Syrian land has become a fertile ground for growth of opposing groups of militants and extremists.

Our carefree attitude might make us pay price in the longer term.

Democracy has to be restored. People should be given the right to choose their own leaders and representatives and it’s the responsibility of leaders to win people’s hearts.

United States can propose for a caretaker government to hold a free and fair election and hand over power to the winning political party.

In Bangladesh, we have experience of Interim Neutral Caretaker Government successfully holding free and fair elections in the years 1996, 2001 and 2008. An advisory council led by the last retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court rules the country for three months and holds elections before an elected government takes over power in Bangladesh.


The Interim Neutral Caretaker Government could be such that

  • The chief of the caretaker government is acceptable to all parties involved.
  • Military and arms support from outside countries are stopped immediately. 
  • The caretaker government shows zero tolerance to extremists and militias, no matter what ideology they represent.
  • The situation in Syria returns at least close to normal. Initiatives are taken to bring back all the refugees back to Syria. The refugee situation is causing disastrous effects in the Middle East. Humanitarian efforts are undertaken.
  • A definite time period is determined during which the Caretaker Government rules. Before the time period ends, a free, fair, credible and internationally acceptable election is held.


Iran and Russia can make sure the Syrian regime accepts the proposal.


Tolerance for the sake of humanity is expected from Leaders.

Influence & Impact: [As of 04.09.15]

The proposed Model was adopted by Hamas and Fatah to form an Interim Government for West Bank and Gaza Region in 2014 and led to a historic union between Hamas and Fatah.

FatahHamasPalestine

 

Conflicting Interest in Regional Dominance is Nurturing Militants and Extremists in Middle East: Is this Acceptable?

In Middle East, regional dominance and Shiite-Sunni conflict is giving rise to and encouraging militants and extremists.Saudi Arabia and it’s allies and Iran and it’s allies are in opposite groups, with Saudi Arabia being Sunni dominant and Iran being Shiite dominant.

 

Because of power conflict and interest in regional dominance, both sides are encouraging groups of opposing militants and extremists.

But does “Islam”, a word derived from “Salam”, which literally means “peace”, really encourage or even approve such conflicts?
Suicide and collateral damage are forbidden in Islam and the person who commits suicide is destined to go to hell.
Prophet Muhammad declared unity of humanity in his last sermon, “All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action.” [1]

In the age of globalization, it’s the mutual economic relationship and mutual economic engagement, not military engagement, that brings prosperity.



Follow-ups

Reference

Towards Peaceful Resolution of Conflict & War in Syria

[Published: 11.30.13]

The world has to step forward to end Civil War in Syria. We look forward to peaceful resolution.
Iran can play vital role. Russia and Iran can sit together with leaders from Middle East and Western Nations to make Syrian government and all other groups sit together, find a roadmap that is acceptable to all the parties involved, end war, restore peace and security for Syrian Citizens.
As a first step, military and arms support from neighboring and other countries should be stopped immediately.

More than 110,000 people have lost their lives. What is the point of adding more to that?UN veto power has been proved to be a major roadblock. People belonging to the “rebels” groups who have lost their family members are not ready to accept Bashar Al-Assad as President.

 

Democracy has to be restored.

People should be given the right to choose their own leaders and representatives. On the other hand, Leaders should aim for wining people’s hearts and trust.


Related Articles

Followups