Smart Home With Physical Digital Integration: What The Future Holds

So, how does your “Sweet Home” gonna look like in a few years?

I tell you what, lots and lots of Automation!


  • Your Automated Cook downloads a recipe from Web
  • Searches for the lowest price of ingredients deliverable on time and orders ingredients on a shopping site.
  • The shopping site delivers your product via a drone (Saw the Amazon Prime Air?) and transmits a message to your Home Robot.
  • Your Home Robot picks up the delivery and passes it to your Automated Cook.
  • Automated Cook cooks food according to the recipe.


  • A Baby Care-taker Sleeping Bed
  • Responds to baby’s screams (detection by using sensors) with movements of the bed, music etc. (to soothe the baby)
  • Automatically feeds the baby (at pre-defined time).
  • Automatically cleanses your baby (detection by using sensors; delicate actuators). (Obviously, your Baby can’t go to toilet by itself, can it?)
  • Integrated Web-cam for parents. Watch your baby on your Smartphone, swipe on your touchscreen and the Baby care-taker sleeping bed responds to the instruction.
  • Customizable Sleeping Bed with off-the-shelf “Components”. Your baby likes toys? Buy the toy “Component”!

Sounds futuristic?

Not at all!

These are some of the Products and Services you shall see in your coming Smart Home!

Meet this home Robot from iRobot.

Still not impressed? 

How about this!


Just as people today have pets, Baxter makes me feel that people will soon consider Home Robots as their pets.

Companies Working In Smart Home Space

Meet the Nest Learning Thermostat!

Physical Digital Integration: Manufacturing Cloud & Car 2.0

Elastic Manufacturing or Manufacturing Cloud

A manufacturing facility, full of programmable Robots and Manipulators and 3D Printers, that can manufacture anything you design and the facility is scalable – it grows, produces more with need.

Startups and individuals would be able to order products on mass scale. There would be no need to set up an ultra-expensive manufacturing facility of their own. The barrier to entry would get lower. Open source would be a better model for the design of products. Anyone would be able to customize the designs and order. More innovations would follow. This would also mean more orders for the manufacturing facility.  

In short, it has the potential to start an era of proliferation of manufacturing startups in America!

It would introduce something entirely new to the world – “Elastic Manufacturing” or “Manufacturing Cloud”.


  • Fab lab
  • 3D Printing / Additive manufacturing Facility
  • New Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic Scale Manufacturing
  • Sensors, Networking & Big Data
  • Computer Aided Modeling, Simulation & Manufacturing

Car 2.0

  • App Market Integration (Secured. Detached from the controller Electronics)
  • Automation; Advanced Collision avoidance system
  • Ultimate goal:
  • Electric / Hybrid Car
  • Car wheels can generate power that can be fed into electric car and used as fuel. It would increase fuel efficiency.

What Google Could Focus On Next

Research Problems

  • Cracking Artificial Intelligence with great internal teams & external collaboration – new products, increasingly better existing products – essentially changes the world.
  • It was search, rules, first order logic, probability and other representations. Now, it’s all about learning from massive datasets. Revolutions are coming! Ultimate search engine!
  • Intelligent Personal Agent
  • Solving big problems (or as Google calls them “moon shots“) with (problem focused collaborative research) great internal teams & external collaboration / massive collaboration / open innovation
  • Solve for X, Google X
  • Application of Big Data: understanding complex systems better: finding answers to age old questions: Sociology, Behavioral Science, Political Science, Economics & Business
  • Exploration of new computing architectures – continuation of Moore’s law: exponential increase in processing power – computational power for data processing, intelligence.
  • Parallel computing architectures (e.g., GPUs); Molecular computing; Optical Computing; Quantum computing; Cognitive computing / Neuromorphic computing.
  • Brain-computer Interfacing
  • Google in our brain!
  • Integrating data from all the sources => Knowledge Mining, New Applications

People focused Social Problems

  • Education & Learning platform
    • Google Play for Education, ChromeBook. Singularity University. Technology and Education are great equalizers.
  • Platforms that empower people – the enormous potential in each and everyone of us is materialized
  • Wikinomics platform 
    • Global collaboration
    • Android, Play, Chrome
  • Products that take on social problems and scale using profit to reach millions
  • Funding / Growing / Working with entrepreneurs to solve problems people face.
  • Solving local, social and global problems (clean water, cheap energy etc.) utilizing massive collaboration and exponential technologies
    • Google Ideas. For-profit.

Healthcare & Biomedicine

  • Computational Biology / Bioinformatics, Systems Biology, Biology Engineering
  • Healthcare Informatics
  • Lifespan extension; Curing Diseases; Preventive Medicine; Personalized Medicine

Physical Digital Integration

  • Robotics, Automation
  • Car 2.0
  • Electric / hybrid Car? App Market Integration; Automation; Advanced Collision avoidance system
  • Ultimate goal: Self Driving Car, Intelligent Transportation System
  • Computational Materials Design
  • Internet of things; Smart cities; Smart Home; Sensor Web; Big data


Google bought 8 robotics companies in past 6 months.

Google started with Search; currently focusing more on platforms and services. Lately, excited about the prospects about Physical Digital Integration?

(Developers Users, Apps).
Next: Developers developing tools, components Users developing apps?


  • Android
  • Google Play (Streaming services?)
  • Chrome
  • Google App Engine
  • Google+
  • Google TV
  • (New) Google glass, Motorola, ChromeOS, ChromeBook



  • Maps
  • GMail
  • Youtube
  • Google Books





Could Manufacturing Be The Key To American Lead In Global Economy?

The American Economy has been the largest economy in the world for almost 100 years [1].

But now, the Chinese Economy [2] is very close to the American Economy in terms of size. If the current growth rate continues then the Chinese Economy should surpass American Economy in terms of size within a few years.

How does America keep its position as the largest economy in the world?

Manufacturing could prove vital. 

Manufacturers, miners, utilities and builders accounted for over 45% of China’s GDP in 2012. As the cost of doing manufacturing in China rises and with the advent of new technologies, American companies are thinking of returning manufacturing plants back to America. Some companies including Apple have already taken initiatives.

The return of manufacturing back to the hands of Designers and Engineers could spur innovation


Evolution Of Computing

  1. Mainframe Computing Era: Computers were huge and expensive. Found application only in research labs and large business companies for lengthy calculations.
  2. Personal Computing Era: Microprocessors came into widespread use. Apple Mac and Microsoft Windows came along. Each desktop had to have a computer (Desktop Computers)! Word processing, Spreadsheet Applications and Multimedia applications were the most popular ones. 
  3. Networked Computing Era: During the mid nineties, the Web exploded. Suddenly, everyone was “online”. Everyone was communicating and shopping and searching online. 
  4. Mobile and Cloud Computing Era: Then came iPhone and Android (around 2007). Suddenly, computing was transferred to Clouds accessed by Mobile devices (Smartphones, Tablets and not to forget, “Phablets”!).
  5. Ubiquitous Computing Era: This era is still in the making. This is the era of Physical Digital Integration – when computers are everywhere so that they are invisible, when things start to think and communicate with each other and of course communicate with us! Up until Physical Digital Integration, humans acted as the interface between the Information World and Physical World. But in the ubiquitous computing era, Physical World becomes alive utilizing information directly from the Information World. 

Emerging Area: Physical Digital Integration



  • “Organizing the world’s information and creating interfaces with Physical Objects so that Objects can use information with the goal of making life better for humans.”
  • “Make the physical world come alive!”

Academic Disciplines

  • Computer Science 
  • Engineering & Applied Physics 

Driving forces

  • Cheap computing power and storage.
  • Ubiquitous Network.
  • Cheap sensors.
  • Flexible Electronics.
  • Advanced Artificial Intelligence. Machine Learning. Big Data.
  • DIY tools. Open source software. Open hardware platforms.


What is it like

  • All devices would contain microprocessors with network connection. 
  • Adaptable. flexible systems.
  • Putting intelligence into everything.
  • Automation.
  • Objects aware of their Physical World utilizing information from the Digital World.
  • Objects communicating with each other through Network for getting things done. 

Application Areas

  • Manufacturing
  • 3D Printing
    • Tissue Printing
  • Fab Lab
  • Automation
  • Smart Homes (e.g., Nest devices)
  • Smart Cities. Smart efficient infrastructures.
  • Sensor Networks
  • Diagnostic systems


Some other early movers with focus on Physical Digital Integration

  • New Communication Protocols.
  • Knowledge Representations that Objects can process and understand.
  • Security.
  • More intuitive interfaces.

Notable People



At its limit