Wikinomics Platforms And Services

Platform 

Common infrastructure people use to build upon.
Wikinomics

  • The word “Wikinomics” is from Wikipedia and Economics.
  • The global collaboration model exemplified in Wikipedia and Linux applied to different areas.
  • Internet and World Wide Web have made it possible for people to collaborate on a global scale to develop platforms and services.
  • People communicating, sharing, collaborating and competing from around the world for getting things done.


Wikinomics Platform

Platform developed by global collaboration.
Wikinomics Services
Services built by people all over the world on top of a platform.

It’s hard for any one company to build the infrastructure required in many instances.

“A 2001 study of Red Hat Linux 7.1 found that this distribution contained 30 million source lines of code.[120] Using the Constructive Cost Model, the study estimated that this distribution required about eight thousand man-years of development time. According to the study, if all this software had been developed by conventional proprietary means, it would have cost about $1.48 billion (2014 US dollars) to develop in the United States. 


In a later study, the same analysis was performed for Debian version 4.0 (etch, which was released in 2007).[121] This distribution contained close to 283 million source lines of code, and the study estimated that it would have required about seventy three thousand man-years and cost US$8.16 billion (in 2014 dollars) to develop by conventional means.” [1]

Global collaboration following an open source model makes development of mammoth infrastructures possible and cost-effective.

Open platforms act as infrastructure / foundation for new innovations.

  • Open source software
    • Linus Torvalds started the revolution with Linux [2]. 
    • Programmers followed Linus Torvalds’s model. 
    • Then experts from other disciplines followed programmers.
    • Platform
      • Github
  • Open Encyclopedia
    • Wikipedia 
  • Open QA Platforms
    • Stackoverflow
    • Quora
  • Open hardware platforms
    • Raspberry Pi
  • Open Design
    • 3D Designs for 3D Printers
  • Open Biology 
    • Allen brain atlas [6]
  • Open / Public Data
  • Open App Platforms 
    • Apple Appstore
    • Facebook Platform 
    • Google Play Store 
    • Amazon Appstore 
    • Chrome Webstore 
  • Open innovation
    • Innocentive [7]
  • Crowdfunding
    • Kickstarter [8]
  • Outsourcing
    • oDesk
    • Elance
  • Citizen Science 
    • Foldit [9]
  • DIY (“Do It Yourself”) Tools and Community 
    • Arduino 
  • Human computation 
    • Amazon Mechanical Turk [10] 
  • Prizes and awards 
    • Topcoder 
    • X Prize [11]
    • Kaggle 


References

Vision Of Collaborative Research Platform

With the proliferation of global collaboration platform the World Wide Web, we need to direct research in the right direction – one that centers on solving real problems collaboratively, not just publication of random research papers (for getting promoted!).

A collaborative research platform could define substantial problems, each of them, if solved, can bring about revolutions, and break the substantial problems into manageable pieces, i.e., sub-problems and the sub-problems into even more manageable pieces, i.e., sub-sub-problems. Individual researchers or research groups could pick and work on manageable problems that match their abilities and interests and publish and share results on the platform. Researchers could define new problems, define new sub-problems, suggest improvements and changes on the platform.

A research paper could be co-authored by hundreds or even thousands of researchers scattered throughout the world.

For example, a high level problem could be “Codify Biology to the point that you can control biological processes and organisms”. The problem should have measurable, quantifiable goals. This high level problem could be divided into more manageable pieces and then into even more manageable pieces until they are solvable by individual researchers or research groups.

This would help the entire scientific community move forward towards practical goals much more rapidly.