The Idea Of Promoting Non-zero Sum Games: How Winning With Others Helps You Win Bigger

Game theory is a branch of both Economics and Mathematics. 

When you start considering

  • your opponents 
  • possible action choices and respective outcomes of actions of both you and your opponents

you have entered the realm of Game Theory.

The field has found applications in areas as diverse as Artificial Intelligence, Evolutionary BIology and Politics.

A game where a player wins 5 points and his opponent loses 5 points is a zero-sum game.

On the other hand, in a non zero-sum game, the outcome is not zero.
For example, if a player wins 5 points and his opponent wins 2 points, the overall outcome is 5 + 2 = 7. So here we have a win-win, non-zero sum game – both wins.

Non-zero sum game doesn’t mean that you have to lose in order to make others win. The idea is not to think solely in terms of your profit but to develop business plans so that you win bigger by including others as “co-winners”. Here are some practical examples.

  • Lets consider Google’s Android Platform. Google could develop a mobile operating system and develop all the apps themselves. If that happened then we would have far less apps and more importantly, less innovative apps. But Android is an open platform. Anyone can develop apps for the Android platform. So in this case, Google didn’t want to win only by themselves. Google saw you – the app developer – as a co-winner. That is the reason why we have so many App developers making great money. Of course, Google is winning. Google is taking 30% cut. And Google is winning bigger by helping you win. As more apps are available, Android Phone / Tablet sell is on the rise. So just as Google and App Developers are winning, companies who advertise on Android are reaching more customers through the apps and winning bigger. And last but not least, don’t forget the customers whose lives are getting easier and richer with all these apps that app developers are developing. They are winning too!
  • As the economic condition of the developing and undeveloped nations rises, their purchasing power rises, which in turn creates opportunities for developed countries in our increasingly interconnected and interdependent world. Developed countries have more exports and imports among themselves. Why not plan for a future where all the countries have more to export and more to import? Won’t the citizens have a better and richer life? 
  • Google and Facebook have taken initiatives to increase Internet penetration, targeting “the next billion” or so they say, which in turn increases the number of users of their services. So here is the win-win scenario. 
    • Users learn more, communicate better, use better tools [apps] and as a result earn more + living condition goes up.
    • Marketers, App developers reach more of their customers and sell more of their products.
    • Google and / or Facebook get more cut.
  • Taking initiative to reduce Climate change should be win-win.
  • Here is how mobile 
    • fights poverty
    • bypasses poor infrastructure which could have been a roadblock to development 
    • makes companies get rich.

নাগরিক শক্তির অর্থনৈতিক দর্শন (Economic Philosophy)

নাগরিক শক্তির অর্থনৈতিক দর্শনের মূলে রয়েছে দুটি বিষয়

  • প্রত্যেকটি মানুষের মাঝে বিপুল শক্তি লুকিয়ে আছে। এই শক্তি জাগ্রত হয় এমন ব্যবস্থা চালু করতে হবে।
  • Win-win, Non-zero sum games. এমন ব্যবস্থা যেখানে সব পক্ষই জিতবে। 

নাগরিক শক্তি প্রত্যেকটি মানুষের মাঝে যে বিপুল শক্তি লুকিয়ে আছে তাকে জাগ্রত করতে উন্নত শিক্ষা ব্যবস্থা, স্বাস্থ্যসুবিধা নিশ্চিত করা এবং ব্যবসা-শিল্প-বিনিয়োগ-উদ্যোক্তা বান্ধব পরিবেশ গড়ে তুলবে। সামাজিক ব্যবসার বিকাশের মাধ্যমে সমাজের সমস্যাগুলো দূর করে গণ মানুষের উপরে ওঠার ক্ষেত্র তৈরি করবে। জনসাধারণের বিকাশের জন্য বিভিন্ন প্ল্যাটফর্ম গড়ে তুলবে।

এক একটা মানুষ যেখানে বিশাল শক্তি হতে পারে সেখানে ১৬ কোটি মানুষকে জাগিয়ে তুলতে পারলে আমাদের আর পিছে ফিরে তাকাতে হবে না। কাজেই দেশের ১৬ কোটি মানুষকে ঐক্যবদ্ধ করা নাগরিক শক্তির লক্ষ্য। আমরা ১টি মানুষের শক্তিকেও বৃথা যেতে দিতে চাই না (শুধু শীর্ষ অপরাধীদের বাদ দিয়ে)।

একদিকে শিল্পের বিকাশ এবং অন্যদিকে জনকল্যাণমুখী অর্থনীতি চালু করে নাগরিক শক্তি বাংলাদেশকে বিশ্বের দরবারে একটি অর্থনৈতিক শক্তি হিসেবে গড়ে তুলবে।

সমাজতান্ত্রিকরা মনে করেন, পুঁজিবাদের বিকাশ ঘটলে পুঁজিবাদীরা শ্রমিক শ্রেণী থেকে লুট করে ধনী হন। কিন্তু আমরা বিশ্বাস করি, এমন পদ্ধতি চালু করা সম্ভব যেখানে সব পক্ষ সর্বোচ্চ লাভবান হবে, সব পক্ষই জিতবে। পুঁজিবাদের বিকাশ ঘটলে মানুষের কর্মসংস্থান সৃষ্টি হয়। শিল্পের মালিকরা শ্রমিকদের স্বাস্থ্য ভাল রাখতে ব্যবস্থা নিলে, কারখানার পরিবেশ উন্নত করলে অধিকতর উৎপাদনশীলতা থেকে মালিকরা লাভবান হন। শ্রমিকদের আর্থিক অবস্থার উন্নতি ঘটলে তারা শিল্প পণ্য আরও বেশি কেনেন। এভাবে শিল্পের বিকাশ ত্বরান্বিত হয়।

আমাদের দেশের সমস্যা হল, দুষ্ট রাজনীতির কারণে আইন শৃঙ্খলার উরধে উঠে দুর্নীতি সন্ত্রাসে নিমজ্জিত একদল লুটেরা শ্রেণীর উদ্ভব ঘটেছে। নাগরিক শক্তি জনগণকে নিয়ে এই অপরাধী শ্রেণীর হাত থেকে জনগণকে রক্ষা করবে।

Iran – Western Relation: Win-win, Positive-Sum Outcome?

[December 26, 2013]

#TowardsWorldPeace  #TowardsNuclearWeaponFreeWorld

The deal between P5 + 1 and Iran should prove to be revolutionary.

Years of opposition and suspicion from both sides. 

A lot of conflicts arise between people who have closed dependent minds. They divide the world into black and white, right and wrong with nothing in between. They view their way as the only right one and others’ as wrong ones. They never try to be themselves, instead following the path others have shown them without much consideration or reflection.

People in general categorize everything they see around them into different predefined categories. It helps them make quick decisions because they know what to do with a certain category.

But how can we be so sure that the categories and the knowledge associated with each category, that our society and culture has taught us, is correct? Why not think for ourselves?

Just because your co-workers or friends taught you that an Idea or Concept, say “A”, is bad, does not necessarily make “A” bad. It’s your duty to think earnestly – with your own judgement and find out the true nature of the Concept “A” and judge its merits and demerits.

In the age of Globalization, in the age of open and interdependent economies, we would like to see a more connected world.

People in Iran elected moderate Rouhani as their President this year. They wanted to see change. It’s evident that President Barack Obama wants to see change as well.

We would like to see peaceful use of Nuclear Energy by Iran and gradual and careful withdrawal of sanctions by Westerners.

American companies should make the most of it. 
Win-win, Non zero-sum.
A game where a player wins 5 points and his opponent loses 5 points is Zero-sum. 5+(-5) = 0. In a zero-sum game, the more a player wins, the more his opponent loses.
On the other hand, in a Non Zero-sum game, the outcome is not zero. For example, if a player wins 5 points and his opponent wins 4 points, the overall outcome is 5 + 4 = 9. If the outcome of the Game is a Positive number, then it’s a Positive-sum Game. [Game Theory]
It’s win-win – both wins.

And that’s what we are looking for: Win-win, Positive-Sum Outcome!  #TowardsWorldPeace

Progress towards Deal

[Edited: 04.03.15 (Friday) ]

Win-win: Law of Attraction applied to collective

Law of attraction applied to individual

According to the law of attraction, if someone wants something deeply enough, visualizes and feels it, then the universe creates opportunities so that he / she can turn it into reality. To many, this might be just another “New Age” nonsense. 

But is it? 

All the religions teach us to pray to God for the changes we want to see, for the wishes we want to be fulfilled. We see Muslims praying with their hands stretched and many crying (deeply feeling) to God. In the Holy Bible, we find “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you.” – Matthew 7:7. 

And when we try to understand people all around us including ourselves, we see everyone of us daydreaming a world where our deepest wishes have come true. We “visualize”, we “feel”, we create our own world. 

And what happens when we want something deeply enough? 

We begin to notice more of the opportunities that come our way, that were always there but unnoticed – but that’s just the logical side of it. Many of us have also had the experience of sudden deep wish fulfillment. If it is really the case, then God’s laws might be more general than what many of us think they are – not just limited to believers of a particular religion, not just limited to a particular way of doing things, but for everyone of us and in general more general. (The generic nature of prayer / wish follows if we accept that God knows everything that goes on inside our minds.) 

It’s worth mentioning that, we can pray and wish only for opportunities. We have to take necessary actions to make the best use of the opportunities that are presented to us.

Law of attraction applied to collective

Now let us suppose that the law of attraction is indeed true. 

Suppose two persons “A” and “B” want “X” (whatever it is), – but only one of them can have it. If “A” has it, then “B” loses it and vice versa. Then the universe has to decide what to do. But suppose both “A” and “B” want “X” and both of them can have it at the same time. Then there will be more chances of their common wish “X” coming true. (Imagine, 2 persons pulling a cart instead of one alone.) Now imagine a group of people praying deeply for something that is good for the group as a whole. If the law of attraction holds true, then there will be more chances of fulfillment – in fact, the force should be several times stronger. (Imagine, 1 person pulling a cart versus a lot of persons pulling the same cart.) 

How can we utilize it? 

We can begin to shape our desires so that the outcome is desirable not only to us, but at the same time, to others. Then even if the law of attraction doesn’t work automatically, we can still pull off together with greater force!

This is what Napoleon Hill meant when he mentioned “The master mind”.

My own belief is that, God designed the Universe in such a way that morally obliged people win the most and are happier and what is good for all is the best option for an individual. And that is what it is ought to be if we assume that a benevolent God designed the Universe.