Rural development in Developing Nations through Businesses

 

Rural development in Developing Nations through Businesses

Limiting Issue: Limited purchasing power of inhabitants.
Approach:

  • Entrepreneurial opportunity creation
    • Selling handmade goods to urban population
    • Micro-credit as finance
  • Suitable employment (e.g., light engineering)
  • Agricultural production increase through modern methods
  • Healthcare: Development of low cost diagnostic instruments, Telemedicine
  • Business applications of ICT & Technology
  • Selling low cost nutrition-added food products

How to pioneer a New Mathematical Science

 

How to pioneer a New Mathematical Science

  1. Define/Invent new quantities in the discipline under study (Ex.: Force, mass, acceleration in Physics).
  2. Discover mathematical relationship among quantities. (See, for example, how Claude Shannon pioneered Information Theory.)

 

Sciences that are currently Quantitative / Statistical in nature (Example: Economics; Business problems currently tamed with Big Data; Atmospheric science) will be turned into Mathematical Sciences.

Biology to come

 

Biology to come
A great many quantities will be invented in Biology / Biological Sciences to turn the descriptive discipline / disciplines into mathematical sciences.
The quantities will have relationships at several levels:

Genes with biochemical activities

Biochemical activities with Cellular structures and functions

Cellular functions with Tissue parameters

Physiological/Pathological & Anatomical parameters will have mathematical relationship with genes and cellular activities.

New Physics in The 21st Century

 

Physics at the end of 20th century:-
Fundamental theories have been built; Final hurdle: Theory of Everything (TOE)

2018:-
There’s plenty of room for new discoveries in Physics

  • Spacetime Physics
  • Nuclear Physics/Science
  • Particle Physics/Science
  • Atoms with new constituent elements
  • Materials built with new kinds of Atoms
  • Physics of complex systems/Condensed matter Physics (deriving chemical, material characteristics from laws of Physics)

What Academic Work shall I do

 

What Academic Work shall I do:

  1. Scientific / mathematical discoveries
  2. Writing Textbooks, Research Papers
  3. Pioneering new fields / subfields of study
  4. Solving famous problems, Defining & solving new ones
  5. Developing theoretical framework for new / existing / currently underdeveloped areas
  6. Inventing new technologies, Defining & developing theoretical framework for new engineering fields / subfields to study those technologies (Academia<>Industry, Engineering Science)

“Consciousness is a Non-physical Quantity”

 

Consciousness (awareness of “There I am”) is a non-physical quantity, which resides not in our brains, but in our spiritual body. Consciousness interacts with physical brain.

One Proof:

If telepathy proves to be real / exists, is it scientifically explicable or is it a supernatural / spiritual / nonphysical form of communication?

If two people communicate through telepathy in scientifically explicable means, they communicate by sending electromagnetic signals (gravitons are too weak, carriers of nuclear forces short distance). We are yet to find

  • Central “transmitter/receiver” of electromagnetic signals in the brain or
  • Elaborate brain structure to “process received signals”
  • Neither can we find necessary “encoder-decoder” neural circuits
  • Sending/receiving electromagnetic signals at long distances between brains require “Relay stations” which are non-existent

Conclusion: Telepathy is nonphysical/supernatural.

চট্টগ্রাম জেলার উন্নয়ন পরিকল্পনা

 

চট্টগ্রাম জেলার উন্নয়ন পরিকল্পনা

কিছু তুলনা:

  • সিঙ্গাপোরের আকার (গাণিতিকভাবে “আয়তন” ঘন কিলোমিটারের সাথে সম্পর্কিত বলে “আকার” ব্যবহার করা হয়েছে) ৭২১ বর্গ কিলোমিটার।
  • হংকং এর আকার ২৭৫৪ বর্গ কিলোমিটার।
  • চট্টগ্রাম শহরের আকার ১৬৮ বর্গ কিলোমিটার।

১. চট্টগ্রাম জেলাকে সিঙ্গাপোর, হংকং এর সাথে তুলনীয় অঞ্চল হিসেবে গড়ে তোলা।

কি করে:

১.১ চট্টগ্রাম শহর, নতুন প্রতিষ্ঠিত সিটি কর্পোরেশান এবং পৌর অঞ্চলগুলোর উন্নয়নে আলাদা মাস্টারপ্ল্যান গ্রহণ।

১.২ চট্টগ্রাম জেলার উন্নয়নকে পাবলিক সেক্টারের (Public Sector) উন্নয়ন এবং প্রাইভেট সেক্টারের (Private Sector) উন্নয়ন – এই দু ভাগে ভাগ করা। এভাবে নন প্রফিট সেক্টারকে (Non-profit Sector) তৃতীয় সেক্টার হিসেবে ধরা যায়। প্রাইভেট সেক্টারের উন্নয়নে …

২. চট্টগ্রাম জেলাকে দেশের বিভিন্ন জেলার মেধাবী, যোগ্য ব্যক্তিদের স্থায়ীভাবে বসবাসের উপযোগী অঞ্চল হিসেবে গড়ে তোলা।   

কি করে:

সাধারণ জনগণ কি দেখে বসবাসের জেলা নির্ধারণ করে:

২.১ চাকরির সুযোগ, ব্যবসার পরিবেশ / উদ্যোক্তাদের উপযোগিতা

কি করে:

২.১.১ সরকারি প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলোকে আকর্ষণীয় করা

২.১.২ ব্যাংক, ভেঞ্চার ক্যাপিটাল ফার্ম স্থাপন

২.১.৩ উন্নত ইউনিভার্সিটি – মেধাবী কর্মী

২.১.৪ ব্যবসার জন্য দক্ষ কর্মী গড়ে তোলা  

… … … …

২.২ সন্তানদের জন্য ভাল স্কুল, কলেজ এবং মানসম্পন্ন ইউনিভার্সিটির উপস্থিতি

২.৩ নাগরিক সুবিধা: ২৪ ঘন্টা ইলেক্ট্রিসিটি (Electricity), গ্যাস (Gas), পানি (Water), যানজটমুক্ত যাতায়াত ব্যবস্থা (Congestion free Transportation), দ্রুতগতিসম্পন্ন ইন্টারনেট ব্যবস্থা (High speed Internet)

বিভিন্ন পেশার গুণীদের বসবাসের স্থান হিসেবে গড়ে তোলা।

যেমন:

চিকিৎসকদের আকর্ষণ করতে উন্নত ল্যাব-টেস্টিং সুবিধাসহ প্রাইভেট ক্লিনিক স্থাপনে প্রণোদনা।

শিল্পী, গুণীদের আকর্ষণ করতে সিটিভিকে ২৪ ঘন্টা সম্প্রচারে উন্নীতকরণ; বেসরকারী টিভি চ্যানেলের উপযোগী পরিবেশ সৃষ্টি এবং চট্টগ্রাম জেলায় কয়েকটি বেসরকারি টিভি চ্যানেলের প্রধান কেন্দ্র প্রতিষ্ঠা।   

৩. চট্টগ্রাম জেলার চট্টগ্রাম শহর বাদে আরও কয়েকটি সিটি কর্পোরেশান গড়ে তোলা। পৌরসভার উন্নত করণ।

৪. শিক্ষা: চট্টগ্রাম জেলার পাবলিক এবং প্রাইভেট ইউনিভার্সিটিগুলোকে র‍্যাঙ্কিং-এ এশিয়ার শীর্ষ ইউনিভার্সিটিগুলোর সাথে তুলনীয় করে গড়ে তুলতে প্রকল্প গ্রহণ। একাডেমিয়া – ইন্ডাস্ট্রি যোগাযোগ গড়ে তোলা। শিক্ষা এবং শিল্পের মাঝে সংযোগ স্থাপন।  

৫. চট্টগ্রাম জেলায় নতুন কয়েকটি শিল্প গড়ে তোলা, শিল্পগুলোর জন্য শিল্পাঞ্চল প্রতিষ্ঠা।

…   

 

How does a (Developing) Nation dive deep quick into Research

 

How does a (Developing) Nation dive deep quick into Research

  • Scientific education video Websites
  • Mini-booklets, how-to books, magazines created by community, participants
  • Workshops
  • New format for Research publication:
    • Research Article: 2-3 pages; contains new scientific or engineering knowledge; New journals for publishing “research articles”
  • Partnership among expert researchers and individuals
  • Research equipment
  • Research Institutes; Academia – Industry – Government research laboratory partnership; Private research

How to become a Happy Nation II: Pursuits

 

How to become a Happy Nation II: Pursuits

 

Steps:

1a. Creative, Scientific, Technological, Artistic, Business, Nation Building, Meaningful work environment

1b. Creation of enabling Platforms, Societies, Businesses

2. Creation of ranks indicating accomplishment, power: Flat (less competitive) or Hierarchical structure (competitive) depending on field

3. Prizes, Awards, Honors, Media recognition, Social recognition for such work

Activities and Enabling Platforms, Societies, Businesses:

  • Entrepreneurship Development
  • Technology Development Platforms; DIY Tools; Organizations, Societies around each platform
  • Delegation of power in government
  • Scientific education video Websites
  • Fiction writing school
  • Historic site construction / Prehistoric site construction; Virtual Reality tour of such sites
  • Documentary creation school
  • Wildlife research
  • Marine research
  • Sports; Kayaking

Platforms, Societies, Businesses around New Activities

Nation of unending stream of activities

Future of Scientific and Engineering Research

 

Future of Scientific and Engineering Research

The quest for invention and discovery never ends

  • We discover new Physics in the subatomic realm. We form new elementary particles. New kinds of atoms are formed with new elementary particles
  • New Atoms lead to new Chemistry
  • New Atoms also bring into existence new Engineering: e.g., New kinds of refrigerants, thermal fluids and thermionic materials -> New design for refrigerators, thermal machines
  • As we begin space exploration, we discover new Economics, Political Science of alien civilizations. We discover edges of our Universe, even new Universes
  • We begin to inhabit new earth and new heaven

The process of invention and discovery goes on for ever and ever

Connections

 

  • Born on July 4. Independence day of United States of America (1776). American President Calvin Coolidge was born on July 4
  • Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations (seminal work on Market Economy) published in 1776
  • Sister’s birthday: September 16. Independence day of Mexico

Physics:

  • Tahsin’s participation in International Mathematical Olympiad: July, 2005. Einstein’s miracle year: 1905. Einstein published 4 papers; The paper on Brownian motion published on July 18. Paper on special relativity published in September
  • On 4 July 2012, at the CERN laboratory for particle physics, the theory of how particles acquire mass was confirmed by the discovery of a Higgs particle. For which 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded

Catholic Church:

  • Pope John Paul II: Feast day 22 October. Sister II’s birthday: 22 October. On 4 July 1958 appointed as Auxiliary Bishop of Krakow. Papacy began: 16 October, 1978; Inauguration on 22 October

Economics:

  • Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations (seminal work on Market Economy) published in 1776
Technology:
  • Computer Technology: x86 family of processors
  • Nanotechnology: 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded for development of Scanning Tunneling Microscope or STM
  • Applied Physics: High temperature superconductivity discovered in 1986

Astronomy:

  • Halley’s Comet last seen (appeared in inner parts of solar system) in 1986; Closest approach: 0.586 AU
Literature:
  • Harry Potter series: First book starts with: “Mr and Mrs Dursley, of number four, …”. 7 book series. Harry Potter’s birthday: July 31. Hermione Granger’s birthday: September 19

Bangladeshi Software Companies and Services Classified

 

Enterprise Software

General

ERP & Integrated Business Application
Accounting & Financial Software
HR & Payroll Solution
CRM, Marketing & Sales Automation
Office Management Solution
Enterprise Content Management
Enterprise AI
Enterprise IoT

Specific Industries:
Banking Application
Capital Market Solution
Micro Finance (MFI) Solution
Insurance Management System
POS & Inventory Management System
Hospital Management System
Education Institute Management Application
Communication Solution
Media Content Management System
Security, Biometric & Alert Systems

Web and Mobile App Development

Web Development Service & Hosting
Mobile Application
Customized Software Development
Portals

Payment/Financial Technology

E-Commerce

Jobsite

Digital Marketing

Data Analytics

Crowdfunding

Healthcare

Education

Transportation

Animation

App Marketplace

E-book Marketplace

Bangladesh: Industry Plans

 

Business for Economic Development

Business for enrichment of human lives

 

Agriculture, Mining Sector

  • Petroleum Exploration; Oil and Gas exploration

Manufacturing Sector

Manufacturing Sector: Mechanical Engineering

  • Engineering: Automotive; Bus, Truck Manufacturing
  • Engineering: Shipbuilding
  • Engineering: Aeronautics
  • Engineering: High Speed Train; Metro Rail
  • Engineering: Power & Energy; Power Plant Construction; Renewables
  • Engineering: Mechanics & Machines; Industrial Machinery; Agricultural Machinery; Automotive, Ship, Aircraft Machinery & Electronic Systems; Naval Engineering; Light Engineering Machines, Tools. Construction Equipment; Mining Equipment

Manufacturing Sector: Computer Science and Engineering

  • Engineering: Software
  • Engineering: AI & Robotics
  • Engineering: Smart Products / IoT; Embedded Systems

Manufacturing Sector: Electrical Engineering 

  • Engineering: Telecommunication Equipment and Software; Networking Equipment and Software
  • Engineering: Electronics; Biomedical Devices; Photonics 
  • Engineering: Toys

Manufacturing Sector: Chemical Engineering. Materials Engineering.

  • Engineering: Food processing; Food & Beverage
  • Engineering: Agro-processing; Agricultural Machinery & Biotech; Agriculture: Agricultural Training & Supply. Knowledge & Technology Transfer (to Rural farmers); Web Platform as “Middleman”
  • Engineering: Agro-processing: Jute; Cotton
  • Engineering: Chemicals. Materials; Plastics; Ceramics; Cement; Paper; Steel
  • Engineering: Consumer goods
  • Engineering: Petroleum Products; Oil Refinery

Manufacturing Sector: Textile Engineering

  • Textile & Garment Industry: Marketing & Selling; Shipment; International Logistics; Retail; Structural Engineering & Safety; Textile Machinery; Agro-processing: Cotton 

Manufacturing Sector: Biomedical Engineering

  • Engineering: Pharmaceuticals; Biomedical Devices and Electronics; Telemedicine; Biotech and Genetic Engineering

Manufacturing Sector: Civil Engineering

  • Engineering: Structural Engineering & Architectural Consulting
  • Engineering: Construction; Urban Engineering: Water, Electricity, Gas. Tunnels and Bridges; Lighting and Traffic guidance System; Water System; Sea Port, Airport Construction

Service Sector

Service Sector: Information & Communication 

Service Sector: Healthcare

  • Healthcare: Hospitals, Clinics; Medical Tourism

Service Sector: Education

  • Education: 
    • Educational Institutions; Education Tools (Lab Equipment) and Technologies
    • Educational Platforms:
      • Courses & Forum; E-Book Platform; Problem Solving & Ranklist; Seminar & Competitions
      • Web-based Platform for Private Universities, Medical Colleges, Schools, Industry – Professional Training & Development; E-Library
  • Book Retail; Publishing House: Low Price Editions; Non-fiction Translations; Non-fiction / Educational / Textbooks by Bangladeshi Authors; Journals & Magazines; E-Books; Multimedia; Interactive Contents; Expansions: South Asia; South-east Asia

Service Sector: Transportation

Service Sector: Media

  • Media:
    • TV Channel; Online Radio
    • Online Media: Websites & Mobile Apps
    • Print Media: Magazines, Journals
    • Publishing House: Fiction 

Service Sector: Banking & Finance

  • Bank
  • FinTech – Financial Technology
  • International Money Transfer
  • Venture Capital Firm
  • Investment Banking; Foreign Investment Management; Economic Analysis; Financial Services; Consulting to Financial Institutions

Service Sector: Business Services

  • Export; International Logistics; Retail
  • Management & Technology Consulting; Industrial Engineering; Big Data & Business Intelligence (BI); Enterprise Software
  • Advertising & Marketing: Online, TV, Print
  • E-commerce; B2B E-commerce. Logistics
  • Industrial Design

Service Sector: Hospitality/Tourism

  • Tourism – “Beautiful Bangladesh” 
  • Hotels and Resorts
  • Restaurants
  • Theme Parks & Resorts

Service Sector: Real Estate & Retail

  • Real Estate
  • Retail; Shopping Mall & Supermarket

Development of Industries and Industrial Sectors

 

Development of Industries and Industrial Sectors


  • People receive the gift of everlasting youth, become more beautiful.
  • The quest for invention and discovery never ends. We discover new Physics in the subatomic realm. We form new kinds of atoms with new elementary particles. New Atoms lead to new Chemistry. New Atoms also bring into existence new Engineering. New Chemistry paves the way for new Biology. As we begin space exploration, we discover new Economics, Political Science of Alien civilizations. We discover edges of our Universe, even new Universes. We begin to inhabit new earth and new heaven. The process of invention and discovery goes on for ever and ever.
  • Business: Single person / company market share in each industry can never exceed 10%, 15% or 25%.
  • After Spirit of God on people, Spirit of God on all earthly and heavenly spirits, Next: higher feelings.

 

  • Now that there are so many avenues for research, it’s better researchers slow down rate of (leaps in) discovery and invention and hence be fruitful in the longer term.

Stimulating Research in Universities

 

Stimulating research in Universities:

  1. Introduction of High quality Journals, Conferences, Workshops.
  2. Promotion of Faculty members based on research quality (no. of citations, etc.) and output (number of publications).
  3. Government role: Increased spending on R&D in annual budget.
  4. Government role: Government research grant based on merit of fund seeker and of proposal.
  5. Academia – Industry collaboration: Publication a way of attracting fund from Private sector. Stimulating private sector to collaborate with Academia on research projects.
    • Academia – Industry collaboration promotes high quality research as faculty members strive for solving real problems rather than concentrate solely on increasing number of publications.
  6. Collaboration among Government research laboratories, Academia & Industry.

Higher Education Reform & Development Plans II

 

Higher education reform:

  1. Course, Course content modernization.
  2. Gradual replacement of descriptive questions in exams with problem-based questions (gradual so that questions never go beyond students’ abilities), especially for engineering, science majors. Medicine: gradual increase of clinical case questions in exams.
  3. Problem solving culture among students (CSE, Mechanical Engineering, Physics, Mathematics) -> Better prepared for Industry.
  4. Emphasis on practical, lab work, Projects (engineering, science majors).

Urban / Smart City Development in Bangladesh

 

Urban Development in Bangladesh

Primary focus with regard to quality of life:

  1. Uninterrupted Electricity supply
    • Establishment of new Power Plants
  2. Water supply
  3. Gas supply
  4. Congestion-free Transportation
    • Flyover, Metro-rail, Big Data & Smarter Traffic, Mobile services
  5. High speed Internet at affordable cost

Systems that comprise a City (Requirement for development of Cities from scratch):

  1. Commercial zones; Employment
    • Most important. It’s employment opportunities that bring a large number of people to live nearby in a city.
    • Ease of doing business
  2. Education facilities
    • Schools, Colleges, Universities
  3. City Infrastructure
    • Roads & Highways
    • Services mentioned above (Power/Electricity, Water, Gas, Telecommunication)
  4. Healthcare facilities
  5. Modern Transportation e.g., Metro-rail
  6. Law & Order maintenance
  7. Modern Habitation. Smart Homes
  8. Environment Management
    • Waste Management. Water clogging management. Vehicle fume. Industrial waste. Clean Road. River pollution.
  9. Safe Food
  10. City Attractions: Museums, Zoos, Parks
    • Plus: Modern Programs, Ceremonies, Culture & Arts
  11. Architecture. Roadside building Renovation
  12. Smart City: Systems, Applications & Appliances

Urban Expansion in Bangladesh:

One city (with electricity, water, gas supply) in each Upazila (total number of Upazilas: 492, minus upazilas / thanas belonging to Cities).