New Kinds of Sciences and Engineering

 

New Kinds of Engineering Sciences: 

  • Electrical Science
  • Mechanical Science: Mechanics, Solid Mechanics, Theory of Machines, Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer, Waves and Sounds, Fluid Mechanics, Aerodynamics, Biomechanics, Propulsion and Energy Sciences, Electromagnetism, Dynamics and Control, Computational Engineering
  • Civil Engineering Science
  • Optics and Photonics

New Branches of Engineering:

  • Planetary Engineering

New Branches / Sub branches of Science:

  • Particle Science
  • Computational Science and Engineering
  • Neuroscience of Music
  • Science of Taste

New Branches of Applied Mathematics / Computational Science and Engineering:

  • Modeling Research: Study of integrated mathematical models of real world and conceptual objects

Catholic Teachings IV

 

Catholic Teachings IV:

God, God on earth:

  1. “There is no covering up before God. He knows who we truly are.”
  2. Jesus announces the good news of salvation.”
  3. “The Risen One invites us … to know how to wait for the unravelling of a sacred history that has not been interrupted but advances, to know how to wait for the God’s steps Lord of time and space.”
  4. “God’s love is a perfect kind of love; he loves us in a way that none on earth ever can.”
  5. “This same God, creator and sustainer of all being, comes in search of his creatures who are lost in sin and weakness. … ‘O Lord and lover of souls … your imperishable spirit is in all things.'”
  6. “All Scripture is inspired by God.”
  7. “Christians have faith in a God who wants to and is able to transform the world, conquering evil with good.”
  8. “God loves us like no one on this earth has ever done and can ever do. God’s love is that of the father ‘who is in heaven’. …  it is … a radical diversity, another dimension of love.”

Spirit:

  1. “The Holy Spirit guides the Catholic Church’s mission, pointing the way to evangelize new lands and opening people’s hearts to be transformed by Christ.”
  2. The church resolves conflicts and discerns God’s will by patiently listening, discussing and deciding under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.”
  3. The Spirit is the protagonist of Christian life; (it is) the Spirit — the Holy Spirit — that is in us, that accompanies us, that transforms us and is triumphant within us.”
  4. “God desires to act in the lives of those who entrust themselves to his word. This is the key to genuine, lasting success. … When we trust in God’s word, we encounter the generous, overflowing action of God and become living instruments of God’s love in turn.”

Living:

  1. “… Call on the Creator, who brought the galaxies into existence and has designed every fruit and flower, to do a new work of creation — to create in you willingness to say yes to God in times of temptation, desire to cooperate with God even when it is hard, power to carry through on your intentions to change.”
  2. “A Christian prays not just for themselves but also for others.”

  3. “To nation’s people: make your beautiful country a place where the teachings become life and where life is for the greater glory of God.”

  4. “Love of God, love of neighbor are tied together.”
  5. “The measure with which you measure will in return be measured out to you.”
  6. “Christians are called to serve.”

Technology as work of God:

  1. Uses of artificial intelligence for the common good“.

Challenges, issues of today’s world:

  1. “There is a world of people in need. There are unlimited opportunities to help, including organizations of every kind that provide openings for volunteer efforts.”

Signs:

  1. “… heals (miraculous intercession).”
  2. “… sends his angels.”

World to come:

  1. “‘Then I, John, saw a new heaven and a new earth.’ This powerful vision, described in the Book of Revelation, describes the passing of the former heaven and the former earth and the inauguration of a new heaven and earth. John, the author of the Book of Revelation, writes then these stirring words: “The One who sat on the throne said, ‘Behold, I make all things new.’” Only God can make what is truly and really new. Only the creator of heaven and earth can bring something new into existence, out of nothing. And what God promises to make new is truly beyond our limited human imagination. But the newness that comes from God is not a philosophical or theological abstraction. It is tangible and as real as our daily existence. God wants to make us new in the concrete, daily and ordinary circumstances of our lives, with all its joys and challenges. … his love will make all things new.”
  2. “… saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God almighty and the Lamb.” (Rv 21:22).

Future of Church:

  1. Word of God must be ‘beating heart’ of church.”

Artificial Intelligence and its impact on Jobs, Employment

 

Artificial Intelligence and its impact on Jobs, Employment

In the hands of a sufficiently smart inventor, AI can replace any job, even ‘creative’ ones.
Employment has to be and will be protected through government regulation.
As we look into the future, we see manual work gradually getting replaced by AI & automation, leaving intellectual pursuits that are core to human life and happiness behind for humans.

Distinction between Biotechnology, Biomedical Industry and Software Industry

 

Important distinctions between Biotechnology, Biomedical Industry and Software Industry

  • Software industry is mostly concerned with meeting consumer / business needs with rapidly developed software. Biotechnology, Biomedical products are usually based upon years of research efforts.
  • Venture capital firms involved in Biotechnology, Biomedical industry keep close connection with Academic research partners & research labs.
  • With long term research & subsequently costly government approval process, Biotechnology, Biomedical industry products demand larger investment.

Development of Manufacturing Industry

 

Development of Manufacturing Industry

 

  • Thailand, Malaysia: Both countries have size-able Automotive & Electrical / Electronics industry.
    • Competence: Power, Infrastructure, Required low cost labor, Government support.
    • Mostly developed and licensed by foreign producers. Local producers depend on foreign engineering. Local experts lack skills required for producing quality marketable Cars / Electronic products.
  • India: Power, Infrastructure roadblock to development of manufacturing sector.
  • Japan: Education system capable of producing engineering, business experts.

Recipe for growing new Silicon Valleys

 

Recipe for growing new Silicon Valleys

Visionary engineer-entrepreneurs created the first success stories of Valley.
But over time: Venture Capital (plus early stage investors, startup incubators), Universities & Research Labs, Government support played vital roles.

Any place wanting to be the next Silicon Valley:

  • 1a. Venture Capital ecosystem with their technical, business growth & management support: Google/Alphabet’s growth into one of the largest companies in United States in terms of market capitalization
  • 1b. IPO support, Stock Market
  • 2. University & Research Labs (providing minds & talents, training, employees and ideas; DIY education)
  • 3. Government Laws; Tax cuts and subsidies
  • 4. Infrastructure
  • 5. Big Market
  • 6. Entrepreneurial, risk-taking culture; Success Stories

Bolstering Market Economy in USA

 

Bolstering Market Economy in USA

Current recipe:

  1. Tax cuts
  2. Deregulation (“Deconstruction of the Administrative State”)

What’s to be done:

  1. Easy to access ‘Information’ about Market, opportunities
  2. Easy Finance: Investors, Bank loans, Venture Capital
  3. Ease of starting business; Administrative complexity elimination
  4. Workforce development; Education modernization

Distinction between Politics of Developed and Emerging Nations

 

Distinction between Politics of Developed and Emerging Nations

In emerging nations, national systems: economic, financial, educational, industrial, are far behind currently available technology & human knowledge frontiers. This leaves room for improvement. So in those nations, political debate centers around “development”. Political parties distinguish themselves with manifesto or propaganda of better development models.

In developed nations like United States and United Kingdom, nation’s systems are close to possibility frontiers. Debate (in US, UK) centers around policies / issues, legal or economic choices:

  • Equality or Pro-market
  • Immigration
  • Tax
  • Climate change
  • Foreign policy
  • Healthcare expansion or contraction

Development (Growth) in developed nations require (in many cases) revolution in human knowledge and understanding

  • Infrastructure for flying cars & self driving cars
  • Smart Cities
  • Revision of our current understanding of Finance

Rural development in Developing Nations through Businesses

 

Rural development in Developing Nations through Businesses

Limiting Issue: Limited purchasing power of inhabitants.
Approach:

  • Entrepreneurial opportunity creation
    • Selling handmade goods to urban population
    • Micro-credit as finance
  • Suitable employment (e.g., light engineering)
  • Agricultural production increase through modern methods
  • Healthcare: Development of low cost diagnostic instruments, Telemedicine
  • Business applications of ICT & Technology
  • Selling low cost nutrition-added food products

How to pioneer a New Mathematical Science

 

How to pioneer a New Mathematical Science

  1. Define/Invent new quantities in the discipline under study (Ex.: Force, mass, acceleration in Physics).
  2. Discover mathematical relationship among quantities. (See, for example, how Claude Shannon pioneered Information Theory.)

 

Sciences that are currently Quantitative / Statistical in nature (Example: Economics; Business problems currently tamed with Big Data; Atmospheric science) will be turned into Mathematical Sciences.

Biology to come

 

Biology to come
A great many quantities will be invented in Biology / Biological Sciences to turn the descriptive discipline / disciplines into mathematical sciences.
The quantities will have relationships at several levels:

Genes with biochemical activities

Biochemical activities with Cellular structures and functions

Cellular functions with Tissue parameters

Physiological/Pathological & Anatomical parameters will have mathematical relationship with genes and cellular activities.

New Physics in The 21st Century

 

Physics at the end of 20th century:-
Fundamental theories have been built; Final hurdle: Theory of Everything (TOE)

2018:-
There’s plenty of room for new discoveries in Physics

  • Spacetime Physics
  • Nuclear Physics/Science
  • Particle Physics/Science
  • Atoms with new constituent elements
  • Materials built with new kinds of Atoms
  • Physics of complex systems/Condensed matter Physics (deriving chemical, material characteristics from laws of Physics)

What Academic Work shall I do

 

What Academic Work shall I do:

  1. Scientific / mathematical discoveries
  2. Writing Textbooks, Research Papers
  3. Pioneering new fields / subfields of study
  4. Solving famous problems, Defining & solving new ones
  5. Developing theoretical framework for new / existing / currently underdeveloped areas
  6. Inventing new technologies, Defining & developing theoretical framework for new engineering fields / subfields to study those technologies (Academia<>Industry, Engineering Science)

“Consciousness is a Non-physical Quantity”

 

Consciousness (awareness of “There I am”) is a non-physical quantity, which resides not in our brains, but in our spiritual body. Consciousness interacts with physical brain.

One Proof:

If telepathy proves to be real / exists, is it scientifically explicable or is it a supernatural / spiritual / nonphysical form of communication?

If two people communicate through telepathy in scientifically explicable means, they communicate by sending electromagnetic signals (gravitons are too weak, carriers of nuclear forces short distance). We are yet to find

  • Central “transmitter/receiver” of electromagnetic signals in the brain or
  • Elaborate brain structure to “process received signals”
  • Neither can we find necessary “encoder-decoder” neural circuits
  • Sending/receiving electromagnetic signals at long distances between brains require “Relay stations” which are non-existent

Conclusion: Telepathy is nonphysical/supernatural.

চট্টগ্রাম জেলার উন্নয়ন পরিকল্পনা

 

চট্টগ্রাম জেলার উন্নয়ন পরিকল্পনা

কিছু তুলনা:

  • সিঙ্গাপোরের আকার (গাণিতিকভাবে “আয়তন” ঘন কিলোমিটারের সাথে সম্পর্কিত বলে “আকার” ব্যবহার করা হয়েছে) ৭২১ বর্গ কিলোমিটার।
  • হংকং এর আকার ২৭৫৪ বর্গ কিলোমিটার।
  • চট্টগ্রাম শহরের আকার ১৬৮ বর্গ কিলোমিটার।

১. চট্টগ্রাম জেলাকে সিঙ্গাপোর, হংকং এর সাথে তুলনীয় অঞ্চল হিসেবে গড়ে তোলা।

কি করে:

১.১ চট্টগ্রাম শহর, নতুন প্রতিষ্ঠিত সিটি কর্পোরেশান এবং পৌর অঞ্চলগুলোর উন্নয়নে আলাদা মাস্টারপ্ল্যান গ্রহণ।

১.২ চট্টগ্রাম জেলার উন্নয়নকে পাবলিক সেক্টারের (Public Sector) উন্নয়ন এবং প্রাইভেট সেক্টারের (Private Sector) উন্নয়ন – এই দু ভাগে ভাগ করা। এভাবে নন প্রফিট সেক্টারকে (Non-profit Sector) তৃতীয় সেক্টার হিসেবে ধরা যায়। প্রাইভেট সেক্টারের উন্নয়নে …

২. চট্টগ্রাম জেলাকে দেশের বিভিন্ন জেলার মেধাবী, যোগ্য ব্যক্তিদের স্থায়ীভাবে বসবাসের উপযোগী অঞ্চল হিসেবে গড়ে তোলা।   

কি করে:

সাধারণ জনগণ কি দেখে বসবাসের জেলা নির্ধারণ করে:

২.১ চাকরির সুযোগ, ব্যবসার পরিবেশ / উদ্যোক্তাদের উপযোগিতা

কি করে:

২.১.১ সরকারি প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলোকে আকর্ষণীয় করা

২.১.২ ব্যাংক, ভেঞ্চার ক্যাপিটাল ফার্ম স্থাপন

২.১.৩ উন্নত ইউনিভার্সিটি – মেধাবী কর্মী

২.১.৪ ব্যবসার জন্য দক্ষ কর্মী গড়ে তোলা  

… … … …

২.২ সন্তানদের জন্য ভাল স্কুল, কলেজ এবং মানসম্পন্ন ইউনিভার্সিটির উপস্থিতি

২.৩ নাগরিক সুবিধা: ২৪ ঘন্টা ইলেক্ট্রিসিটি (Electricity), গ্যাস (Gas), পানি (Water), যানজটমুক্ত যাতায়াত ব্যবস্থা (Congestion free Transportation), দ্রুতগতিসম্পন্ন ইন্টারনেট ব্যবস্থা (High speed Internet)

বিভিন্ন পেশার গুণীদের বসবাসের স্থান হিসেবে গড়ে তোলা।

যেমন:

চিকিৎসকদের আকর্ষণ করতে উন্নত ল্যাব-টেস্টিং সুবিধাসহ প্রাইভেট ক্লিনিক স্থাপনে প্রণোদনা।

শিল্পী, গুণীদের আকর্ষণ করতে সিটিভিকে ২৪ ঘন্টা সম্প্রচারে উন্নীতকরণ; বেসরকারী টিভি চ্যানেলের উপযোগী পরিবেশ সৃষ্টি এবং চট্টগ্রাম জেলায় কয়েকটি বেসরকারি টিভি চ্যানেলের প্রধান কেন্দ্র প্রতিষ্ঠা।   

৩. চট্টগ্রাম জেলার চট্টগ্রাম শহর বাদে আরও কয়েকটি সিটি কর্পোরেশান গড়ে তোলা। পৌরসভার উন্নত করণ।

৪. শিক্ষা: চট্টগ্রাম জেলার পাবলিক এবং প্রাইভেট ইউনিভার্সিটিগুলোকে র‍্যাঙ্কিং-এ এশিয়ার শীর্ষ ইউনিভার্সিটিগুলোর সাথে তুলনীয় করে গড়ে তুলতে প্রকল্প গ্রহণ। একাডেমিয়া – ইন্ডাস্ট্রি যোগাযোগ গড়ে তোলা। শিক্ষা এবং শিল্পের মাঝে সংযোগ স্থাপন।  

৫. চট্টগ্রাম জেলায় নতুন কয়েকটি শিল্প গড়ে তোলা, শিল্পগুলোর জন্য শিল্পাঞ্চল প্রতিষ্ঠা।

…   

 

How does a (Developing) Nation dive deep quick into Research

 

How does a (Developing) Nation dive deep quick into Research

  • Scientific education video Websites
  • Mini-booklets, how-to books, magazines created by community, participants
  • Workshops
  • New format for Research publication:
    • Research Article: 2-3 pages; contains new scientific or engineering knowledge; New journals for publishing “research articles”
  • Partnership among expert researchers and individuals
  • Research equipment
  • Research Institutes; Academia – Industry – Government research laboratory partnership; Private research